Git 2.25 has been released. This blog
post looks at “partial clone support” and “sparse checkouts” as these
features mature. “A clone of a Git repository copies all of its data: every version of every file in the history. For very large repositories, the cost of network transfer and local storage can make this awkward or even impossible, even if you’re only interested in a subset of the files. In the past several versions, Git learned the ability to execute a “partial” clone, which means that it can now clone and work with repositories without having all of their contents.
Partial clones are still considered an experimental feature from Git’s point of view. For instance, many providers (such as GitHub) don’t support this feature yet, and it’s continually changing and evolving within Git from release to release.”