Tag Archives: netherlands

When Joe Public Becomes a Commercial Pirate, a Little Knowledge is Dangerous

Post Syndicated from Andy original https://torrentfreak.com/joe-public-becomes-commercial-pirate-little-knowledge-dangerous-180603/

Back in March and just a few hours before the Anthony Joshua v Joseph Parker fight, I got chatting with some fellow fans in the local pub. While some were intending to pay for the fight, others were going down the Kodi route.

Soon after the conversation switched to IPTV. One of the guys had a subscription and he said that his supplier would be along shortly if anyone wanted a package to watch the fight at home. Of course, I was curious to hear what he had to say since it’s not often this kind of thing is offered ‘offline’.

The guy revealed that he sold more or less exclusively on eBay and called up the page on his phone to show me. The listing made interesting reading.

In common with hundreds of similar IPTV subscription offers easily findable on eBay, the listing offered “All the sports and films you need plus VOD and main UK channels” for the sum of just under £60 per year, which is fairly cheap in the current market. With a non-committal “hmmm” I asked a bit more about the guy’s business and surprisingly he was happy to provide some details.

Like many people offering such packages, the guy was a reseller of someone else’s product. He also insisted that selling access to copyrighted content is OK because it sits in a “gray area”. It’s also easy to keep listings up on eBay, he assured me, as long as a few simple rules are adhered to. Right, this should be interesting.

First of all, sellers shouldn’t be “too obvious” he advised, noting that individual channels or channel lists shouldn’t be listed on the site. Fair enough, but then he said the most important thing of all is to have a disclaimer like his in any listing, written as follows:


Apparently, this paragraph is crucial to keeping listings up on eBay and is the equivalent of kryptonite when it comes to deflecting copyright holders, police, and Trading Standards. Sure enough, a few seconds with Google reveals the same wording on dozens of eBay listings and those offering IPTV subscriptions on external platforms.

It is, of course, absolutely worthless but the IPTV seller insisted otherwise, noting he’d sold “thousands” of subscriptions through eBay without any problems. While a similar logic can be applied to garlic and vampires, a second disclaimer found on many other illicit IPTV subscription listings treads an even more bizarre path.


This disclaimer (which apparently no sellers displaying it have ever read) seems to be have been culled from the Zgemma site, which advertises a receiving device which can technically receive pirate IPTV services but wasn’t designed for the purpose. In that context, the disclaimer makes sense but when applied to dedicated pirate IPTV subscriptions, it’s absolutely ridiculous.

It’s unclear why so many sellers on eBay, Gumtree, Craigslist and other platforms think that these disclaimers are useful. It leads one to the likely conclusion that these aren’t hardcore pirates at all but regular people simply out to make a bit of extra cash who have received bad advice.

What is clear, however, is that selling access to thousands of otherwise subscription channels without permission from copyright owners is definitely illegal in the EU. The European Court of Justice says so (1,2) and it’s been backed up by subsequent cases in the Netherlands.

While the odds of getting criminally prosecuted or sued for reselling such a service are relatively slim, it’s worrying that in 2018 people still believe that doing so is made legal by the inclusion of a paragraph of text. It’s even more worrying that these individuals apparently have no idea of the serious consequences should they become singled out for legal action.

Even more surprisingly, TorrentFreak spoke with a handful of IPTV suppliers higher up the chain who also told us that what they are doing is legal. A couple claimed to be protected by communication intermediary laws, others didn’t want to go into details. Most stopped responding to emails on the topic. Perhaps most tellingly, none wanted to go on the record.

The big take-home here is that following some important EU rulings, knowingly linking to copyrighted content for profit is nearly always illegal in Europe and leaves people open for targeting by copyright holders and the authorities. People really should be aware of that, especially the little guy making a little extra pocket money on eBay.

Of course, people are perfectly entitled to carry on regardless and test the limits of the law when things go wrong. At this point, however, it’s probably worth noting that IPTV provider Ace Hosting recently handed over £600,000 rather than fight the Premier League (1,2) when they clearly had the money to put up a defense.

Given their effectiveness, perhaps they should’ve put up a disclaimer instead?

Source: TF, for the latest info on copyright, file-sharing, torrent sites and more. We also have VPN reviews, discounts, offers and coupons.

Pirate IPTV Sellers Sign Abstention Agreements Under Pressure From BREIN

Post Syndicated from Andy original https://torrentfreak.com/pirate-iptv-sellers-sign-abstention-agreement-under-pressure-from-brein-180528/

Earlier this month, Dutch anti-piracy outfit BREIN revealed details of its case against Netherlands-based company Leaper Beheer BV.

BREIN’s complaint, which was filed at the Limburg District Court in Maastricht, claimed that
Leaper sold access to unlicensed live TV streams and on-demand movies. Around 4,000 live channels and 1,000 movies were included in the package, which was distributed to customers in the form of an .M3U playlist.

BREIN said that distribution of the playlist amounted to a communication to the public in contravention of the EU Copyright Directive. In its defense, Leaper argued that it is not a distributor of content itself and did not make anything available that wasn’t already public.

In a detailed ruling the Court sided with BREIN, noting that Leaper communicated works to a new audience that wasn’t taken into account when the content’s owners initially gave permission for their work to be distributed to the public.

The Court ordered Leaper to stop providing access to the unlicensed streams or face penalties of 5,000 euros per IPTV subscription sold, link offered, or days exceeded, to a maximum of one million euros. Further financial penalties were threatened for non-compliance with other aspects of the ruling.

In a fresh announcement Friday, BREIN revealed that three companies and their directors (Leaper included) have signed agreements to cease-and-desist, in order to avert summary proceedings. According to BREIN, the companies are the biggest sellers of pirate IPTV subscriptions in the Netherlands.

In addition to Leaper Beheer BV, Growler BV, DITisTV and their respective directors are bound by a number of conditions in their agreements but primarily to cease-and-desist offering hyperlinks or other technical means to access protected works belonging to BREIN’s affiliates and their members.

Failure to comply with the terms of the agreement will see the companies face penalties of 10,000 euros per infringement or per day (or part thereof).

DITisTV’s former website now appears to sell shoes and a search for the company using Google doesn’t reveal many flattering results. Consumer website Consumentenbond.nl enjoys the top spot with an article reporting that it received 300 complaints about DITisTV.

“The complainants report that after they have paid, they have not received their order, or that they were not given a refund if they sent back a malfunctioning media player. Some consumers have been waiting for their money for several months,” the article reads.

According to the report, DiTisTV pulled the plug on its website last June, probably in response to the European Court of Justice ruling which found that selling piracy-configured media players is illegal.

Source: TF, for the latest info on copyright, file-sharing, torrent sites and more. We also have VPN reviews, discounts, offers and coupons.

Court Orders Pirate IPTV Linker to Shut Down or Face Penalties Up to €1.25m

Post Syndicated from Andy original https://torrentfreak.com/court-orders-pirate-iptv-linker-to-shut-down-or-face-penalties-up-to-e1-25m-180911/

There are few things guaranteed in life. Death, taxes, and lawsuits filed regularly by Dutch anti-piracy outfit BREIN.

One of its most recent targets was Netherlands-based company Leaper Beheer BV, which also traded under the names Flickstore, Dump Die Deal and Live TV Store. BREIN filed a complaint at the Limburg District Court in Maastricht, claiming that Leaper provides access to unlicensed live TV streams and on-demand movies.

The anti-piracy outfit claimed that around 4,000 live channels were on offer, including Fox Sports, movie channels, commercial and public channels. These could be accessed after the customer made a payment which granted access to a unique activation code which could be entered into a set-top box.

BREIN told the court that the code returned an .M3U playlist, which was effectively a hyperlink to IPTV channels and more than 1,000 movies being made available without permission from their respective copyright holders. As such, this amounted to a communication to the public in contravention of the EU Copyright Directive, BREIN argued.

In its defense, Leaper said that it effectively provided a convenient link-shortening service for content that could already be found online in other ways. The company argued that it is not a distributor of content itself and did not make available anything that wasn’t already public. The company added that it was completely down to the consumer whether illegal content was viewed or not.

The key question for the Court was whether Leaper did indeed make a new “communication to the public” under the EU Copyright Directive, a standard the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) says should be interpreted in a manner that provides a high level of protection for rightsholders.

The Court took a three-point approach in arriving at its decision.

  • Did Leaper act in a deliberate manner when providing access to copyright content, especially when its intervention provided access to consumers who would not ordinarily have access to that content?
  • Did Leaper communicate the works via a new method to a new audience?
  • Did Leaper have a profit motive when it communicated works to the public?
  • The Court found that Leaper did communicate works to the public and intervened “with full knowledge of the consequences of its conduct” when it gave its customers access to protected works.

    “Access to [the content] in a different way would be difficult for those customers, if Leaper were not to provide its services in question,” the Court’s decision reads.

    “Leaper reaches an indeterminate number of potential recipients who can take cognizance of the protected works and form a new audience. The purchasers who register with Leaper are to be regarded as recipients who were not taken into account by the rightful claimants when they gave permission for the original communication of their work to the public.”

    With that, the Court ordered Leaper to cease-and-desist facilitating access to unlicensed streams within 48 hours of the judgment, with non-compliance penalties of 5,000 euros per IPTV subscription sold, link offered, or days exceeded, to a maximum of one million euros.

    But the Court didn’t stop there.

    “Leaper must submit a statement audited by an accountant, supported by (clear, readable copies of) all relevant documents, within 12 days of notification of this judgment of all the relevant (contact) details of the (person or legal persons) with whom the company has had contact regarding the provision of IPTV subscriptions and/or the provision of hyperlinks to sources where films and (live) broadcasts are evidently offered without the permission of the entitled parties,” the Court ruled.

    Failure to comply with this aspect of the ruling will lead to more penalties of 5,000 euros per day up to a maximum of 250,000 euros. Leaper was also ordered to pay BREIN’s costs of 20,700 euros.

    Describing the people behind Leaper as “crooks” who previously sold media boxes with infringing addons (as previously determined to be illegal in the Filmspeler case), BREIN chief Tim Kuik says that a switch of strategy didn’t help them evade the law.

    “[Leaper] sold a link to consumers that gave access to unauthorized content, i.e. pay-TV channels as well as video-on-demand films and series,” BREIN chief Tim Kuik informs TorrentFreak.

    “They did it for profit and should have checked whether the content was authorized. They did not and in fact were aware the content was unauthorized. Which means they are clearly infringing copyright.

    “This is evident from the CJEU case law in GS Media as well as Filmspeler and The Pirate Bay, aka the Dutch trilogy because the three cases came from the Netherlands, but these rulings are applicable throughout the EU.

    “They just keep at it knowing they’re cheating and we’ll take them to the cleaners,” Kuik concludes.

    Source: TF, for the latest info on copyright, file-sharing, torrent sites and more. We also have VPN reviews, discounts, offers and coupons.

    Mission Space Lab flight status announced!

    Post Syndicated from Erin Brindley original https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/mission-space-lab-flight-status-announced/

    In September of last year, we launched our 2017/2018 Astro Pi challenge with our partners at the European Space Agency (ESA). Students from ESA membership and associate countries had the chance to design science experiments and write code to be run on one of our two Raspberry Pis on the International Space Station (ISS).

    Astro Pi Mission Space Lab logo

    Submissions for the Mission Space Lab challenge have just closed, and the results are in! Students had the opportunity to design an experiment for one of the following two themes:

    • Life in space
      Making use of Astro Pi Vis (Ed) in the European Columbus module to learn about the conditions inside the ISS.
    • Life on Earth
      Making use of Astro Pi IR (Izzy), which will be aimed towards the Earth through a window to learn about Earth from space.

    ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst, speaking from the replica of the Columbus module at the European Astronaut Center in Cologne, has a message for all Mission Space Lab participants:

    ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst congratulates Astro Pi 2017-18 winners

    Subscribe to our YouTube channel: http://rpf.io/ytsub Help us reach a wider audience by translating our video content: http://rpf.io/yttranslate Buy a Raspberry Pi from one of our Approved Resellers: http://rpf.io/ytproducts Find out more about the Raspberry Pi Foundation: Raspberry Pi http://rpf.io/ytrpi Code Club UK http://rpf.io/ytccuk Code Club International http://rpf.io/ytcci CoderDojo http://rpf.io/ytcd Check out our free online training courses: http://rpf.io/ytfl Find your local Raspberry Jam event: http://rpf.io/ytjam Work through our free online projects: http://rpf.io/ytprojects Do you have a question about your Raspberry Pi?

    Flight status

    We had a total of 212 Mission Space Lab entries from 22 countries. Of these, a 114 fantastic projects have been given flight status, and the teams’ project code will run in space!

    But they’re not winners yet. In April, the code will be sent to the ISS, and then the teams will receive back their experimental data. Next, to get deeper insight into the process of scientific endeavour, they will need produce a final report analysing their findings. Winners will be chosen based on the merit of their final report, and the winning teams will get exclusive prizes. Check the list below to see if your team got flight status.


    Flight status achieved:

    • Team De Vesten, Campus De Vesten, Antwerpen
    • Ursa Major, CoderDojo Belgium, West-Vlaanderen
    • Special operations STEM, Sint-Claracollege, Antwerpen


    Flight status achieved:

    • Let It Grow, Branksome Hall, Toronto
    • The Dark Side of Light, Branksome Hall, Toronto
    • Genie On The ISS, Branksome Hall, Toronto
    • Byte by PIthons, Youth Tech Education Society & Kid Code Jeunesse, Edmonton
    • The Broadviewnauts, Broadview, Ottawa

    Czech Republic

    Flight status achieved:

    • BLEK, Střední Odborná Škola Blatná, Strakonice


    Flight status achieved:

    • 2y Infotek, Nærum Gymnasium, Nærum
    • Equation Quotation, Allerød Gymnasium, Lillerød
    • Team Weather Watchers, Allerød Gymnasium, Allerød
    • Space Gardners, Nærum Gymnasium, Nærum


    Flight status achieved:

    • Team Aurora, Hyvinkään yhteiskoulun lukio, Hyvinkää


    Flight status achieved:

    • INC2, Lycée Raoul Follereau, Bourgogne
    • Space Project SP4, Lycée Saint-Paul IV, Reunion Island
    • Dresseurs2Python, clg Albert CAMUS, essonne
    • Lazos, Lycée Aux Lazaristes, Rhone
    • The space nerds, Lycée Saint André Colmar, Alsace
    • Les Spationautes Valériquais, lycée de la Côte d’Albâtre, Normandie
    • AstroMega, Institut de Genech, north
    • Al’Crew, Lycée Algoud-Laffemas, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • AstroPython, clg Albert CAMUS, essonne
    • Aruden Corp, Lycée Pablo Neruda, Normandie
    • HeroSpace, clg Albert CAMUS, essonne
    • GalaXess [R]evolution, Lycée Saint Cricq, Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • AstroBerry, clg Albert CAMUS, essonne
    • Ambitious Girls, Lycée Adam de Craponne, PACA


    Flight status achieved:

    • Uschis, St. Ursula Gymnasium Freiburg im Breisgau, Breisgau
    • Dosi-Pi, Max-Born-Gymnasium Germering, Bavaria


    Flight status achieved:

    • Deep Space Pi, 1o Epal Grevenon, Grevena
    • Flox Team, 1st Lyceum of Kifissia, Attiki
    • Kalamaria Space Team, Second Lyceum of Kalamaria, Central Macedonia
    • The Earth Watchers, STEM Robotics Academy, Thessaly
    • Celestial_Distance, Gymnasium of Kanithos, Sterea Ellada – Evia
    • Pi Stars, Primary School of Rododaphne, Achaias
    • Flarions, 5th Primary School of Salamina, Attica


    Flight status achieved:

    • Plant Parade, Templeogue College, Leinster
    • For Peats Sake, Templeogue College, Leinster
    • CoderDojo Clonakilty, Co. Cork


    Flight status achieved:

    • Trentini DOP, CoderDojo Trento, TN
    • Tarantino Space Lab, Liceo G. Tarantino, BA
    • Murgia Sky Lab, Liceo G. Tarantino, BA
    • Enrico Fermi, Liceo XXV Aprile, Veneto
    • Team Lampone, CoderDojoTrento, TN
    • GCC, Gali Code Club, Trentino Alto Adige/Südtirol
    • Another Earth, IISS “Laporta/Falcone-Borsellino”
    • Anti Pollution Team, IIS “L. Einaudi”, Sicily
    • e-HAND, Liceo Statale Scientifico e Classico ‘Ettore Majorana’, Lombardia
    • scossa team, ITTS Volterra, Venezia
    • Space Comet Sisters, Scuola don Bosco, Torino


    Flight status achieved:

    • Spaceballs, Atert Lycée Rédange, Diekirch
    • Aline in space, Lycée Aline Mayrisch Luxembourg (LAML)


    Flight status achieved:

    • AstroLeszczynPi, I Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace im. Krola Stanislawa Leszczynskiego w Jasle, podkarpackie
    • Astrokompasy, High School nr XVII in Wrocław named after Agnieszka Osiecka, Lower Silesian
    • Cosmic Investigators, Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa im. Św. Jadwigi Królowej w Rzezawie, Małopolska
    • ApplePi, III Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. prof. T. Kotarbińskiego w Zielonej Górze, Lubusz Voivodeship
    • ELE Society 2, Zespol Szkol Elektronicznych i Samochodowych, Lubuskie
    • ELE Society 1, Zespol Szkol Elektronicznych i Samochodowych, Lubuskie
    • SpaceOn, Szkola Podstawowa nr 12 w Jasle – Gimnazjum Nr 2, Podkarpackie
    • Dewnald Ducks, III Liceum Ogólnokształcące w Zielonej Górze, lubuskie
    • Nova Team, III Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace im. prof. T. Kotarbinskiego, lubuskie district
    • The Moons, Szkola Podstawowa nr 12 w Jasle – Gimnazjum Nr 2, Podkarpackie
    • Live, Szkoła Podstawowa nr 1 im. Tadeusza Kościuszki w Zawierciu, śląskie
    • Storm Hunters, I Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace im. Krola Stanislawa Leszczynskiego w Jasle, podkarpackie
    • DeepSky, Szkoła Podstawowa nr 1 im. Tadeusza Kościuszki w Zawierciu, śląskie
    • Small Explorers, ZPO Konina, Malopolska
    • AstroZSCL, Zespół Szkół w Czerwionce-Leszczynach, śląskie
    • Orchestra, Szkola Podstawowa nr 12 w Jasle, Podkarpackie
    • ApplePi, I Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace im. Krola Stanislawa Leszczynskiego w Jasle, podkarpackie
    • Green Crew, Szkoła Podstawowa nr 2 w Czeladzi, Silesia


    Flight status achieved:

    • Magnetics, Escola Secundária João de Deus, Faro
    • ECA_QUEIROS_PI, Secondary School Eça de Queirós, Lisboa
    • ESDMM Pi, Escola Secundária D. Manuel Martins, Setúbal
    • AstroPhysicists, EB 2,3 D. Afonso Henriques, Braga


    Flight status achieved:

    • Caelus, “Tudor Vianu” National High School of Computer Science, District One
    • CodeWarriors, “Tudor Vianu” National High School of Computer Science, District One
    • Dark Phoenix, “Tudor Vianu” National High School of Computer Science, District One
    • ShootingStars, “Tudor Vianu” National High School of Computer Science, District One
    • Astro Pi Carmen Sylva 2, Liceul Teoretic “Carmen Sylva”, Constanta
    • Astro Meridian, Astro Club Meridian 0, Bihor


    Flight status achieved:

    • astrOSRence, OS Rence
    • Jakopičevca, Osnovna šola Riharda Jakopiča, Ljubljana


    Flight status achieved:

    • Exea in Orbit, IES Cinco Villas, Zaragoza
    • Valdespartans, IES Valdespartera, Zaragoza
    • Valdespartans2, IES Valdespartera, Zaragoza
    • Astropithecus, Institut de Bruguers, Barcelona
    • SkyPi-line, Colegio Corazón de María, Asturias
    • ClimSOLatic, Colegio Corazón de María, Asturias
    • Científicosdelsaz, IES Profesor Pablo del Saz, Málaga
    • Canarias 2, IES El Calero, Las Palmas
    • Dreamers, M. Peleteiro, A Coruña
    • Canarias 1, IES El Calero, Las Palmas

    The Netherlands

    Flight status achieved:

    • Team Kaki-FM, Rkbs De Reiger, Noord-Holland

    United Kingdom

    Flight status achieved:

    • Binco, Teignmouth Community School, Devon
    • 2200 (Saddleworth), Detached Flight Royal Air Force Air Cadets, Lanchashire
    • Whatevernext, Albyn School, Highlands
    • GraviTeam, Limehurst Academy, Leicestershire
    • LSA Digital Leaders, Lytham St Annes Technology and Performing Arts College, Lancashire
    • Mead Astronauts, Mead Community Primary School, Wiltshire
    • STEAMCademy, Castlewood Primary School, West Sussex
    • Lux Quest, CoderDojo Banbridge, Co. Down
    • Temparatus, Dyffryn Taf, Carmarthenshire
    • Discovery STEMers, Discovery STEM Education, South Yorkshire
    • Code Inverness, Code Club Inverness, Highland
    • JJB, Ashton Sixth Form College, Tameside
    • Astro Lab, East Kent College, Kent
    • The Life Savers, Scratch and Python, Middlesex
    • JAAPiT, Taylor Household, Nottingham
    • The Heat Guys, The Archer Academy, Greater London
    • Astro Wantenauts, Wantage C of E Primary School, Oxfordshire
    • Derby Radio Museum, Radio Communication Museum of Great Britain, Derbyshire
    • Bytesyze, King’s College School, Cambridgeshire


    Flight status achieved:

    • Intellectual Savage Stars, Lycée français de Luanda, Luanda


    Congratulations to all successful teams! We are looking forward to reading your reports.

    The post Mission Space Lab flight status announced! appeared first on Raspberry Pi.

    Big Birthday Weekend 2018: find a Jam near you!

    Post Syndicated from Ben Nuttall original https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/big-birthday-weekend-2018-find-a-jam-near-you/

    We’re just over three weeks away from the Raspberry Jam Big Birthday Weekend 2018, our community celebration of Raspberry Pi’s sixth birthday. Instead of an event in Cambridge, as we’ve held in the past, we’re coordinating Raspberry Jam events to take place around the world on 3–4 March, so that as many people as possible can join in. Well over 100 Jams have been confirmed so far.

    Raspberry Pi Big Birthday Weekend Jam

    Find a Jam near you

    There are Jams planned in Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Colombia, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and Zimbabwe.

    Take a look at the events map and the full list (including those who haven’t added their event to the map quite yet).

    Raspberry Jam Big Birthday Weekend 2018 event map

    We will have Raspberry Jams in 35 countries across six continents

    Birthday kits

    We had some special swag made especially for the birthday, including these T-shirts, which we’ve sent to Jam organisers:

    Raspberry Jam Big Birthday Weekend 2018 T-shirt

    There is also a poster with a list of participating Jams, which you can download:

    Raspberry Jam Big Birthday Weekend 2018 list

    Raspberry Jam photo booth

    I created a Raspberry Jam photo booth that overlays photos with the Big Birthday Weekend logo and then tweets the picture from your Jam’s account — you’ll be seeing plenty of those if you follow the #PiParty hashtag on 3–4 March.

    Check out the project on GitHub, and feel free to set up your own booth, or modify it to your own requirements. We’ve included text annotations in several languages, and more contributions are very welcome.

    There’s still time…

    If you can’t find a Jam near you, there’s still time to organise one for the Big Birthday Weekend. All you need to do is find a venue — a room in a school or library will do — and think about what you’d like to do at the event. Some Jams have Raspberry Pis set up for workshops and practical activities, some arrange tech talks, some put on show-and-tell — it’s up to you. To help you along, there’s the Raspberry Jam Guidebook full of advice and tips from Jam organisers.

    Raspberry Pi on Twitter

    The packed. And they packed. And they packed some more. Who’s expecting one of these #rjam kits for the Raspberry Jam Big Birthday Weekend?

    Download the Raspberry Jam branding pack, and the special birthday branding pack, where you’ll find logos, graphical assets, flyer templates, worksheets, and more. When you’re ready to announce your event, create a webpage for it — you can use a site like Eventbrite or Meetup — and submit your Jam to us so it will appear on the Jam map!

    We are six

    We’re really looking forward to celebrating our birthday with thousands of people around the world. Over 48 hours, people of all ages will come together at more than 100 events to learn, share ideas, meet people, and make things during our Big Birthday Weekend.

    Raspberry Jam Manchester
    Raspberry Jam Manchester
    Raspberry Jam Manchester

    Since we released the first Raspberry Pi in 2012, we’ve sold 17 million of them. We’re also reaching almost 200000 children in 130 countries around the world through Code Club and CoderDojo, we’ve trained over 1500 Raspberry Pi Certified Educators, and we’ve sent code written by more than 6800 children into space. Our magazines are read by a quarter of a million people, and millions more use our free online learning resources. There’s plenty to celebrate and even more still to do: we really hope you’ll join us from a Jam near you on 3–4 March.

    The post Big Birthday Weekend 2018: find a Jam near you! appeared first on Raspberry Pi.

    timeShift(GrafanaBuzz, 1w) Issue 29

    Post Syndicated from Blogs on Grafana Labs Blog original https://grafana.com/blog/2018/01/12/timeshiftgrafanabuzz-1w-issue-29/

    Welcome to TimeShift

    intro paragraph

    Latest Stable Release

    Grafana 4.6.3 is now available. Latest bugfixes include:

    • Gzip: Fixes bug Gravatar images when gzip was enabled #5952
    • Alert list: Now shows alert state changes even after adding manual annotations on dashboard #99513
    • Alerting: Fixes bug where rules evaluated as firing when all conditions was false and using OR operator. #93183
    • Cloudwatch: CloudWatch no longer display metrics’ default alias #101514, thx @mtanda

    Download Grafana 4.6.3 Now

    From the Blogosphere

    Graphite 1.1: Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks: Grafana Labs’ own Dan Cech is a contributor to the Graphite project, and has been instrumental in the addition of some of the newest features. This article discusses five of the biggest additions, how they work, and what you can expect for the future of the project.

    Instrument an Application Using Prometheus and Grafana: Chris walks us through how easy it is to get useful metrics from an application to understand bottlenecks and performace. In this article, he shares an application he built that indexes your Gmail account into Elasticsearch, and sends the metrics to Prometheus. Then, he shows you how to set up Grafana to get meaningful graphs and dashboards.

    Visualising Serverless Metrics With Grafana Dashboards: Part 3 in this series of blog posts on “Monitoring Serverless Applications Metrics” starts with an overview of Grafana and the UI, covers queries and templating, then dives into creating some great looking dashboards. The series plans to conclude with a post about setting up alerting.

    Huawei FAT WLAN Access Points in Grafana: Huawei’s FAT firmware for their WLAN Access points lacks central management overview. To get a sense of the performance of your AP’s, why not quickly create a templated dashboard in Grafana? This article quickly steps your through the process, and includes a sample dashboard.

    Grafana Plugins

    Lots of updated plugins this week. Plugin authors add new features and fix bugs often, to make your plugin perform better – so it’s important to keep your plugins up to date. We’ve made updating easy; for on-prem Grafana, use the Grafana-cli tool, or update with 1 click if you’re using Hosted Grafana.


    Clickhouse Data Source – The Clickhouse Data Source plugin has been updated a few times with small fixes during the last few weeks.

    • Fix for quantile functions
    • Allow rounding with round option for both time filters: $from and $to



    Zabbix App – The Zabbix App had a release with a redesign of the Triggers panel as well as support for Multiple data sources for the triggers panel



    OpenHistorian Data Source – this data source plugin received some new query builder screens and improved documentation.



    BT Status Dot Panel – This panel received a small bug fix.



    Carpet Plot Panel – A recent update for this panel fixes a D3 import bug.


    Upcoming Events

    In between code pushes we like to speak at, sponsor and attend all kinds of conferences and meetups. We also like to make sure we mention other Grafana-related events happening all over the world. If you’re putting on just such an event, let us know and we’ll list it here.

    Women Who Go Berlin: Go Workshop – Monitoring and Troubleshooting using Prometheus and Grafana | Berlin, Germany – Jan 31, 2018: In this workshop we will learn about one of the most important topics in making apps production ready: Monitoring. We will learn how to use tools you’ve probably heard a lot about – Prometheus and Grafana, and using what we learn we will troubleshoot a particularly buggy Go app.

    Register Now

    FOSDEM | Brussels, Belgium – Feb 3-4, 2018: FOSDEM is a free developer conference where thousands of developers of free and open source software gather to share ideas and technology. There is no need to register; all are welcome.

    Jfokus | Stockholm, Sweden – Feb 5-7, 2018:
    Carl Bergquist – Quickie: Monitoring? Not OPS Problem

    Why should we monitor our system? Why can’t we just rely on the operations team anymore? They use to be able to do that. What’s currently changing? Presentation content: – Why do we monitor our system – How did it use to work? – Whats changing – Why do we need to shift focus – Everyone should be on call. – Resilience is the goal (Best way of having someone care about quality is to make them responsible).

    Register Now

    Jfokus | Stockholm, Sweden – Feb 5-7, 2018:
    Leonard Gram – Presentation: DevOps Deconstructed

    What’s a Site Reliability Engineer and how’s that role different from the DevOps engineer my boss wants to hire? I really don’t want to be on call, should I? Is Docker the right place for my code or am I better of just going straight to Serverless? And why should I care about any of it? I’ll try to answer some of these questions while looking at what DevOps really is about and how commodisation of servers through “the cloud” ties into it all. This session will be an opinionated piece from a developer who’s been on-call for the past 6 years and would like to convince you to do the same, at least once.

    Register Now

    Stockholm Metrics and Monitoring | Stockholm, Sweden – Feb 7, 2018:
    Observability 3 ways – Logging, Metrics and Distributed Tracing

    Let’s talk about often confused telemetry tools: Logging, Metrics and Distributed Tracing. We’ll show how you capture latency using each of the tools and how they work differently. Through examples and discussion, we’ll note edge cases where certain tools have advantages over others. By the end of this talk, we’ll better understand how each of Logging, Metrics and Distributed Tracing aids us in different ways to understand our applications.

    Register Now

    OpenNMS – Introduction to “Grafana” | Webinar – Feb 21, 2018:
    IT monitoring helps detect emerging hardware damage and performance bottlenecks in the enterprise network before any consequential damage or disruption to business processes occurs. The powerful open-source OpenNMS software monitors a network, including all connected devices, and provides logging of a variety of data that can be used for analysis and planning purposes. In our next OpenNMS webinar on February 21, 2018, we introduce “Grafana” – a web-based tool for creating and displaying dashboards from various data sources, which can be perfectly combined with OpenNMS.

    Register Now

    GrafanaCon EU | Amsterdam, Netherlands – March 1-2, 2018:
    Lock in your seat for GrafanaCon EU while there are still tickets avaialable! Join us March 1-2, 2018 in Amsterdam for 2 days of talks centered around Grafana and the surrounding monitoring ecosystem including Graphite, Prometheus, InfluxData, Elasticsearch, Kubernetes, and more.

    We have some exciting talks lined up from Google, CERN, Bloomberg, eBay, Red Hat, Tinder, Automattic, Prometheus, InfluxData, Percona and more! Be sure to get your ticket before they’re sold out.

    Learn More

    Tweet of the Week

    We scour Twitter each week to find an interesting/beautiful dashboard and show it off! #monitoringLove

    Nice hack! I know I like to keep one eye on server requests when I’m dropping beats. 😉

    Grafana Labs is Hiring!

    We are passionate about open source software and thrive on tackling complex challenges to build the future. We ship code from every corner of the globe and love working with the community. If this sounds exciting, you’re in luck – WE’RE HIRING!

    Check out our Open Positions

    How are we doing?

    Thanks for reading another issue of timeShift. Let us know what you think! Submit a comment on this article below, or post something at our community forum.

    Follow us on Twitter, like us on Facebook, and join the Grafana Labs community.

    AWS Architecture Monthly for Kindle

    Post Syndicated from Jamey Tisdale original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/architecture/aws-architecture-monthly-for-kindle/

    We recently launched AWS Architecture Monthly, a new subscription service on Kindle that will push a selection of the best content around cloud architecture from AWS, with a few pointers to other content you might also enjoy.

    From building a simple website to crafting an AI-based chat bot, the choices of technologies and the best practices in how to apply them are constantly evolving. Our goal is to supply you each month with a broad selection of the best new tech content from AWS — from deep-dive tutorials to industry-trend articles.

    With your free subscription, you can look forward to fresh content delivered directly to your Kindledevice or Kindle app including:
    – Technical whitepapers
    – Reference architectures
    – New solutions and implementation guides
    – Training and certification opportunities
    – Industry trends

    The January issue is now live. This month includes:
    – AWS Architecture Blog: Glenn Gore’s Take on re:Invent 2017 (Chief Architect for AWS)
    – AWS Reference Architectures: Java Microservices Deployed on EC2 Container Service; Node.js Microservices Deployed on EC2 Container Service
    – AWS Training & Certification: AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate
    – Sample Code: aws-serverless-express
    – Technical Whitepaper: Serverless Architectures with AWS Lambda – Overview and Best Practices

    At this time, Architecture Monthly annual subscriptions are only available in the France (new), US, UK, and Germany. As more countries become available, we’ll update you here on the blog. For Amazon.com countries not listed above, we are offering single-issue downloads — also accessible from our landing page. The content is the same as in the subscription but requires individual-issue downloads.

    I have to submit my credit card information for a free subscription?
    While you do have to submit your card information at this time (as you would for a free book in the Kindle store), it won’t be charged. This will remain a free, annual subscription and includes all 10 issues for the year.

    Why isn’t the subscription available everywhere?
    As new countries get added to Kindle Newsstand, we’ll ensure we add them for Architecture Monthly. This month we added France but anticipate it will take some time for the new service to move into additional markets.

    What countries are included in the Amazon.com list where the issues can be downloaded?
    Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Gibraltar, Guernsey, India, Ireland, Isle of Man, Japan, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, San Marino, Spain, Switzerland, Vatican City

    Staying Busy Between Code Pushes

    Post Syndicated from Blogs on Grafana Labs Blog original https://grafana.com/blog/2017/11/16/staying-busy-between-code-pushes/

    Staying Busy Between Code Pushes.

    Maintaining a regular cadence of pushing out releases, adding new features, implementing bug fixes and staying on top of support requests is important for any software to thrive; but especially important for open source software due to its rapid pace. It’s easy to lose yourself in code and forget that events are happening all the time – in every corner of the world, where we can learn, share knowledge, and meet like-minded individuals to build better software, together. There are so many amazing events we’d like to participate in, but there simply isn’t enough time (or budget) to fit them all in. Here’s what we’ve been up to recently; between code pushes.

    Recent Events

    Øredev Conference | Malmö, Sweden: Øredev is one of the biggest developer conferences in Scandinavia, and Grafana Labs jumped at the chance to be a part of it. In early November, Grafana Labs Principal Developer, Carl Bergquist, gave a great talk on “Monitoring for Everyone”, which discussed the concepts of monitoring and why everyone should care, different ways to monitor your systems, extending your monitoring to containers and microservices, and finally what to monitor and alert on. Watch the video of his talk below.

    InfluxDays | San Francisco, CA: Dan Cech, our Director of Platform Services, spoke at InfluxDays in San Francisco on Nov 14, and Grafana Labs sponsored the event. InfluxDB is a popular data source for Grafana, so we wanted to connect to the InfluxDB community and show them how to get the most out of their data. Dan discussed building dashboards, choosing the best panels for your data, setting up alerting in Grafana and a few sneak peeks of the upcoming Grafana 5.0. The video of his talk is forthcoming, but Dan has made his presentation available.

    PromCon | Munich, Germany: PromCon is the Prometheus-focused event of the year. In August, Carl Bergquist, had the opportunity to speak at PromCon and take a deep dive into Grafana and Prometheus. Many attendees at PromCon were already familiar with Grafana, since it’s the default dashboard tool for Prometheus, but Carl had a trove of tricks and optimizations to share. He also went over some major changes and what we’re currently working on.

    CNCF Meetup | New York, NY: Grafana Co-founder and CEO, Raj Dutt, particpated in a panel discussion with the folks of Packet and the Cloud Native Computing Foundation. The discussion focused on the success stories, failures, rationales and in-the-trenches challenges when running cloud native in private or non “public cloud” datacenters (bare metal, colocation, private clouds, special hardware or networking setups, compliance and security-focused deployments).

    Percona Live | Dublin: Daniel Lee traveled to Dublin, Ireland this fall to present at the database conference Percona Live. There he showed the new native MySQL support, along with a number of upcoming features in Grafana 5.0. His presentation is available to download.

    Big Monitoring Meetup | St. Petersburg, Russian Federation: Alexander Zobnin, our developer located in Russia, is the primary maintainer of our popular Zabbix plugin. He attended the Big Monitoring Meetup to discuss monitoring, Grafana dashboards and democratizing metrics.

    Why observability matters – now and in the future | Webinar: Our own Carl Bergquist and Neil Gehani, Director of Product at Weaveworks, to discover best practices on how to get started with monitoring both your application and infrastructure. Start capturing metrics that matter, aggregate and visualize them in a useful way that allows for identifying bottlenecks and proactively preventing incidents. View Carl’s presentation.

    Upcoming Events

    We’re going to maintain this momentum with a number of upcoming events, and hope you can join us.

    KubeCon | Austin, TX – Dec. 6-8, 2017: We’re sponsoring KubeCon 2017! This is the must-attend conference for cloud native computing professionals. KubeCon + CloudNativeCon brings together leading contributors in:

    • Cloud native applications and computing
    • Containers
    • Microservices
    • Central orchestration processing
    • And more.

    Buy Tickets

    How to Use Open Source Projects for Performance Monitoring | Webinar
    Nov. 29, 1pm EST:
    Check out how you can use popular open source projects, for performance monitoring of your Infrastructure, Application, and Cloud faster, easier, and to scale. In this webinar, Daniel Lee from Grafana Labs, and Chris Churilo from InfluxData, will provide you with step by step instruction from download & configure, to collecting metrics and building dashboards and alerts.


    FOSDEM | Brussels, Belgium – Feb 3-4, 2018: FOSDEM is a free developer conference where thousands of developers of free and open source software gather to share ideas and technology. Carl Bergquist is managing the Cloud and Monitoring Devroom, and the CFP is now open. There is no need to register; all are welcome. If you’re interested in speaking at FOSDEM, submit your talk now!

    GrafanaCon EU

    Last, but certainly not least, the next GrafanaCon is right around the corner. GrafanaCon EU (to be held in Amsterdam, Netherlands, March 1-2. 2018),is a two-day event with talks centered around Grafana and the surrounding ecosystem. In addition to the latest features and functionality of Grafana, you can expect to see and hear from members of the monitoring community like Graphite, Prometheus, InfluxData, Elasticsearch Kubernetes, and more. Head to grafanacon.org to see the latest speakers confirmed. We have speakers from Automattic, Bloomberg, CERN, Fastly, Tinder and more!


    The Grafana Labs team is spread across the globe. Having a “post-geographic” company structure give us the opportunity to take part in events wherever they may be held in the world. As our team continues to grow, we hope to take part in even more events, and hope you can find the time to join us.

    Съд на ЕС: медийни концентрации

    Post Syndicated from nellyo original https://nellyo.wordpress.com/2017/11/05/kpn19560/

    Стана известно решение  на Общия съд по дело T‑394/15 KPN BV  (Netherlands),  v European Commission


    Жалбоподателят KPN BV е активен в сектора на кабелните мрежи за телевизионни, широколентови интернет, фиксирани телефонни услуги и мобилни телекомуникационни услуги, по-специално в Нидерландия.

    Liberty Global plc е международен кабелен оператор, който притежава и експлоатира кабелни мрежи, предлагащи телевизия, широколентов интернет, фиксирана телефония и мобилни телекомуникационни услуги в единадесет държави-членки на Европейския съюз и Швейцария. Г-н Джон Малоун, американски гражданин, притежава най-голямото миноритарно участие в Liberty Global.

    Ziggo NV притежава и управлява широколентова кабелна мрежа, която обхваща повече от половината от територията на Нидерландия. Това предприятие предоставя цифрови и аналогови кабелни видео, широколентов интернет, мобилни телекомуникации и услуги за цифрова телефония (Voice over Internet Protocol). Ziggo притежава 50% от HBO Nederland.

    На 10 октомври 2014 г. Комисията приема Решение C (2014) 7241, с което обявява концентрацията, включваща придобиването от Liberty Global на изключителен контрол над Ziggo, за съвместима с вътрешния пазар и със Споразумението за ЕИП (Дело COMP / M.7000 – Liberty Global / Ziggo) (ОВ 2015, C 145, стр. 7) .

    KPN обжалва решението  на три правни основания –  явна грешка в преценката относно евентуалните вертикални последици на концентрацията на пазара на pay tv,  нарушение на задължението за анализ на евентуалните вертикални антиконкурентни ефекти на пазара на спортни телевизионни канали  и   явна грешка в преценката относно упражняването на решаващо влияние върху г-н Malone върху Liberty Global.

    Съдът анализира второто основание – липсата на мотиви – и потвърждава, че обжалваното решение не съдържа достатъчен  анализ относно вертикалните ефекти, които биха произтекли от предложената концентрация.

    В резултат отменя решението на ЕК.

    Filed under: EU Law, Media Law Tagged: съд на ес

    ЕС: реформата на авторското право среща съпротива

    Post Syndicated from nellyo original https://nellyo.wordpress.com/2017/09/14/eu_copyright_reform/

    IP Watch следи хода на реформата на авторското право в Европейския съюз.

    Реакцията на интернет компаниите срещу някои от предложенията е ясна и разбираема, както е разбираемо и  – симетрично – желанието на носителите на права за още контрол по отношение на платформите.

    Известно е и мнението на академичните среди и експерти, очертаващо аргументирано проблемите в предложения проект.

    В публикация от тази седмица се отбелязва позицията на   държави от ЕС  срещу проекта, в частност по въпроса за наблюдението на входа:  дали мониторингът при ъплоуд нарушава правата на човека? Цитира се документ, според който Белгия, Чехия, Финландия, Холандия и др. настояват Правната служба на Съвета да прецени дали член 13, разпоредбата за наблюдение при ъплоуд,  съответства на Хартата за основните права  и Директивата за електронната търговия в светлината на решенията на Съда на ЕС.

     Written questions from the authorities of Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Ireland and the Netherlands to the Council Legal Service regarding Article 13 and Recital 38 of the proposal for a Directive on copyright in the digital single market (от сайта на Statewatch)


    Ето началото на въпросите:

    Член 13 от предложението на Комисията за директива относно авторското право в единния цифров пазар налага задължение на някои платформи за активно предотвратяване на качването от потребители на съдържание, което съдържа защитени произведения или предмет, които притежателите на права искат да блокират. Това може да се постигне само чрез използване на технологията за идентифициране и филтриране.
    Същевременно Комисията заявява, че ще поддържа съществуващите принципи на електронната търговия в Директива 2001/29 / ЕО.

    Предварителната идентификация и филтриране преди етапа на качване на съдържанието ще се осъществи автоматично, когато идентификационната технология намери съвпадение с дадено произведение или защитен предмет. Този процес ще се прилага за голямо разнообразие от онлайн услуги и платформи, използвани от европейските граждани, за да качват съдържание в интернет. На практика това би станало независимо от факта, че потребителят може да се възползва от изключение от авторското право.

    Освен това установената съдебна практика на Съда на ЕС подчертава конфликта между мониторинга и основни права като защита на личните данни и право на стопанска дейност. В решението по делото Sabam / Netlog, Съдът на ЕС отказа да наложи задължение за систематичен мониторинг върху съдържанието на основание чл. 8, 11 и 16 от Хартата на основните права на ЕС.

    Дали мярка / задължение, както се предлага съгласно член 13, би била съвместима с Хартата (и по-специално член 11 – свободата на изразяване и информация, член 8 – Защита на личните данни – и член 16 – Свобода на стопанска дейност) в светлината на юриспруденцията на Съда на ЕС, която има за цел да осигури справедлив баланс при прилагането на конкуренцията на основни права?
    Дали предложените мерки са оправдани и пропорционални?


    Междувременно Естония –  като държава, председателстваща   Съвета на ЕС – е изпратила компромисен текст до държавите, запазващ идеите за наблюдение на входа. Въпреки режима на Директивата за електронната търговия се предвижда платформите и потребителите да носят отговорност за нарушения на авторските права.

    Proposal for a a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on copyright in the Digital Single Market – Presidency compromise proposal regarding Articles 1, 2 and 10 to 16 (от сайта на Statewatch)

    Освен разпоредбата на чл.13, спорна остава и разпоредбата на чл.11 от проекта  относно издателските права.

    Ако се анализира каква беше перспективата през 2015 г., когато ЕП одобри доклада на Юлия Реда – и каква е  перспективата сега, на прага на приемането на ревизията, ще се види какъв шанс за адекватна уредба е все по-вероятно да бъде пропуснат.


    Filed under: Digital, EU Law, Media Law

    Approved Reseller programme launch PLUS more Pi Zero resellers

    Post Syndicated from Mike Buffham original https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/approved-reseller/

    Ever since the launch of the first Raspberry Pi back in 2012, one thing that has been critical to us is to make our products easy to buy in as many countries as possible.

    Buying a Raspberry Pi is certainly much simpler nowadays than it was when we were just starting out. Nevertheless, we want to go even further, and so today we are introducing an Approved Reseller programme. With this programme, we aim to recognise those resellers that represent Raspberry Pi products well, and make purchasing them easy for their customers.

    The Raspberry Pi Approved Reseller programme

    We’re launching the programme in eleven countries today: the UK, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Greece and South Africa. Over the next few weeks, you will see us expand it to at least 50 countries.

    We will link to the Approved Resellers’ websites directly from our Products page via the “Buy now” button. For customers who want to buy for business applications we have also added a “Buy for business” button. After clicking it, you will be able to select your country from a drop down menu. Doing so will link you directly to the local websites of our two licensed partners, Premier Farnell and Electrocomponents.

    Our newest Raspberry Pi Zero resellers

    On top of this we are also adding 6 new Raspberry Pi Zero resellers, giving 13 countries direct access to the Raspberry Pi Zero for the first time. We are particularly excited that these countries include Brazil and India, since they both have proved difficult to supply in the past.

    The full list of new resellers is:

    Hong Kong and China


    Raspberry Pi Brazil


    Raspberry Pi India

    Czech Republic and Slovakia

    Raspberry Pi Czech Republic and Slovakia

    Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Raspberry Pi Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia

    Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary

    Raspberry Pi Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary


    Raspberry Pi Mexico

    The post Approved Reseller programme launch PLUS more Pi Zero resellers appeared first on Raspberry Pi.

    AWS Hot Startups – May 2017

    Post Syndicated from Tina Barr original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/aws-hot-startups-may-2017/

    April showers bring May startups! This month we have three hot startups for you to check out. Keep reading to find out what they’re up to, and how they’re using AWS to do it.

    Today’s post features the following startups:

    • Lobster – an AI-powered platform connecting creative social media users to professionals.
    • Visii – helping consumers find the perfect product using visual search.
    • Tiqets – a curated marketplace for culture and entertainment.

    Lobster (London, England)

    Every day, social media users generate billions of authentic images and videos to rival typical stock photography. Powered by Artificial Intelligence, Lobster enables brands, agencies, and the press to license visual content directly from social media users so they can find that piece of content that perfectly fits their brand or story. Lobster does the work of sorting through major social networks (Instagram, Flickr, Facebook, Vk, YouTube, and Vimeo) and cloud storage providers (Dropbox, Google Photos, and Verizon) to find media, saving brands and agencies time and energy. Using filters like gender, color, age, and geolocation can help customers find the unique content they’re looking for, while Lobster’s AI and visual recognition finds images instantly. Lobster also runs photo challenges to help customers discover the perfect image to fit their needs.

    Lobster is an excellent platform for creative people to get their work discovered while also protecting their content. Users are treated as copyright holders and earn 75% of the final price of every sale. The platform is easy to use: new users simply sign in with an existing social media or cloud account and can start showcasing their artistic talent right away. Lobster allows users to connect to any number of photo storage sources so they’re able to choose which items to share and which to keep private. Once users have selected their favorite photos and videos to share, they can sit back and watch as their work is picked to become the signature for a new campaign or featured on a cool website – and start earning money for their work.

    Lobster is using a variety of AWS services to keep everything running smoothly. The company uses Amazon S3 to store photography that was previously ordered by customers. When a customer purchases content, the respective piece of content must be available at any given moment, independent from the original source. Lobster is also using Amazon EC2 for its application servers and Elastic Load Balancing to monitor the state of each server.

    To learn more about Lobster, check them out here!

    Visii (London, England)

    In today’s vast web, a growing number of products are being sold online and searching for something specific can be difficult. Visii was created to cater to businesses and help them extract value from an asset they already have – their images. Their SaaS platform allows clients to leverage an intelligent visual search on their websites and apps to help consumers find the perfect product for them. With Visii, consumers can choose an image and immediately discover more based on their tastes and preferences. Whether it’s clothing, artwork, or home decor, Visii will make recommendations to get consumers to search visually and subsequently help businesses increase their conversion rates.

    There are multiple ways for businesses to integrate Visii on their website or app. Many of Visii’s clients choose to build against their API, but Visii also work closely with many clients to figure out the most effective way to do this for each unique case. This has led Visii to help build innovative user interfaces and figure out the best integration points to get consumers to search visually. Businesses can also integrate Visii on their website with a widget – they just need to provide a list of links to their products and Visii does the rest.

    Visii runs their entire infrastructure on AWS. Their APIs and pipeline all sit in auto-scaling groups, with ELBs in front of them, sending things across into Amazon Simple Queue Service and Amazon Aurora. Recently, Visii moved from Amazon RDS to Aurora and noted that the process was incredibly quick and easy. Because they make heavy use of machine learning, it is crucial that their pipeline only runs when required and that they maximize the efficiency of their uptime.

    To see how companies are using Visii, check out Style Picker and Saatchi Art.

    Tiqets (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

    Tiqets is making the ticket-buying experience faster and easier for travelers around the world.  Founded in 2013, Tiqets is one of the leading curated marketplaces for admission tickets to museums, zoos, and attractions. Their mission is to help travelers get the most out of their trips by helping them find and experience a city’s culture and entertainment. Tiqets partners directly with vendors to adapt to a customer’s specific needs, and is now active in over 30 cities in the US, Europe, and the Middle East.

    With Tiqets, travelers can book tickets either ahead of time or at their destination for a wide range of attractions. The Tiqets app provides real-time availability and delivers tickets straight to customer’s phones via email, direct download, or in the app. Customers save time skipping long lines (a perk of the app!), save trees (don’t need to physically print tickets), and most importantly, they can make the most out of their leisure time. For each attraction featured on Tiqets, there is a lot of helpful information including best modes of transportation, hours, commonly asked questions, and reviews from other customers.

    The Tiqets platform consists of the consumer-facing website, the internal and external-facing APIs, and the partner self-service portals. For the app hosting and infrastructure, Tiqets uses AWS services such as Elastic Load Balancing, Amazon EC2, Amazon RDS, Amazon CloudFront, Amazon Route 53, and Amazon ElastiCache. Through the infrastructure orchestration of their AWS configuration, they can easily set up separate development or test environments while staying close to the production environment as well.

    Tiqets is hiring! Be sure to check out their jobs page if you are interested in joining the Tiqets team.

    Thanks for reading and don’t forget to check out April’s Hot Startups if you missed it.

    -Tina Barr



    New product! Raspberry Pi Zero W joins the family

    Post Syndicated from Eben Upton original https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/raspberry-pi-zero-w-joins-family/

    Today is Raspberry Pi’s fifth birthday: it’s five years since we launched the original Raspberry Pi, selling a hundred thousand units in the first day, and setting us on the road to a lifetime total (so far) of over twelve million units. To celebrate, we’re announcing a new product: meet Raspberry Pi Zero W, a new variant of Raspberry Pi Zero with wireless LAN and Bluetooth, priced at only $10.

    Multum in parvo

    So what’s the story?

    In November 2015, we launched Raspberry Pi Zero, the diminutive $5 entry-level Raspberry Pi. This represented a fivefold reduction in cost over the original Model A: it was cheap enough that we could even stick it on the front cover of The MagPi, risking civil insurrection in newsagents throughout the land.

    MagPi issue 40: causing trouble for WHSmith (credit: Adam Nicholls)

    Over the ensuing fifteen months, Zero grew a camera connector and found its way into everything from miniature arcade cabinets to electric skateboards. Many of these use cases need wireless connectivity. The homebrew “People in Space” indicator in the lobby at Pi Towers is a typical example, with an official wireless dongle hanging off the single USB port: users often end up adding a USB hub to allow them to connect a keyboard, a mouse and a network adapter, and this hub can easily cost more than the Zero itself.

    People in SPAAAAAACE

    Zero W fixes this problem by integrating more functionality into the core product. It uses the same Cypress CYW43438 wireless chip as Raspberry Pi 3 Model B to provide 802.11n wireless LAN and Bluetooth 4.0 connectivity.

    Pi Zero Announcement Video

    Music: Orqestruh by SAFAKASH – https://soundcloud.com/safakash

    To recap, here’s the full feature list for Zero W:

    • 1GHz, single-core CPU
    • 512MB RAM
    • Mini-HDMI port
    • Micro-USB On-The-Go port
    • Micro-USB power
    • HAT-compatible 40-pin header
    • Composite video and reset headers
    • CSI camera connector
    • 802.11n wireless LAN
    • Bluetooth 4.0

    We imagine you’ll find all sorts of uses for Zero W. It makes a better general-purpose computer because you’re less likely to need a hub: if you’re using Bluetooth peripherals you might well end up with nothing at all plugged into the USB port. And of course it’s a great platform for experimenting with IoT applications.

    Official case

    To accompany Raspberry Pi Zero W, we’ve been working with our friends at Kinneir Dufort and T-Zero to create an official injection-moulded case. This shares the same design language as the official case for the Raspberry Pi 3, and features three interchangeable lids:

    • A blank one
    • One with an aperture to let you access the GPIOs
    • One with an aperture and mounting point for a camera

    Three cases for the price of one

    The case set also includes a short camera adapter flexi, and a set of rubber feet to make sure your cased Zero or Zero W doesn’t slide off the desk.

    New distributors

    You may have noticed that we’ve added several new Zero distributors recently: ModMyPi in the UK, pi3g in Germany, Samm Teknoloji in Turkey, Kubii in France, Spain, Italy and Portugal, and Kiwi Electronics in the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.

    Raspberry Pi Zero W is available from all Zero distributors today, with the exception of Micro Center, who should have stock in stores by the end of this week. Check the icons below to find the stockist that’s best for you!

    UK, Ireland

    PimoroniThe Pi Hut

    United States




    Germany, Austria, Switzerland

    France, Spain, Italy, Portugal

    Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg



    PimoroniThe Pi HutAdafruit

    The post New product! Raspberry Pi Zero W joins the family appeared first on Raspberry Pi.

    AWS Week in Review – September 19, 2016

    Post Syndicated from Jeff Barr original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/aws-week-in-review-september-19-2016/

    Eighteen (18) external and internal contributors worked together to create this edition of the AWS Week in Review. If you would like to join the party (with the possibility of a free lunch at re:Invent), please visit the AWS Week in Review on GitHub.


    September 19


    September 20


    September 21


    September 22


    September 23


    September 24


    September 25

    New & Notable Open Source

    • ecs-refarch-cloudformation is reference architecture for deploying Microservices with Amazon ECS, AWS CloudFormation (YAML), and an Application Load Balancer.
    • rclone syncs files and directories to and from S3 and many other cloud storage providers.
    • Syncany is an open source cloud storage and filesharing application.
    • chalice-transmogrify is an AWS Lambda Python Microservice that transforms arbitrary XML/RSS to JSON.
    • amp-validator is a serverless AMP HTML Validator Microservice for AWS Lambda.
    • ecs-pilot is a simple tool for managing AWS ECS.
    • vman is an object version manager for AWS S3 buckets.
    • aws-codedeploy-linux is a demo of how to use CodeDeploy and CodePipeline with AWS.
    • autospotting is a tool for automatically replacing EC2 instances in AWS AutoScaling groups with compatible instances requested on the EC2 Spot Market.
    • shep is a framework for building APIs using AWS API Gateway and Lambda.

    New SlideShare Presentations

    New Customer Success Stories

    • NetSeer significantly reduces costs, improves the reliability of its real-time ad-bidding cluster, and delivers 100-millisecond response times using AWS. The company offers online solutions that help advertisers and publishers match search queries and web content to relevant ads. NetSeer runs its bidding cluster on AWS, taking advantage of Amazon EC2 Spot Fleet Instances.
    • New York Public Library revamped its fractured IT environment—which had older technology and legacy computing—to a modernized platform on AWS. The New York Public Library has been a provider of free books, information, ideas, and education for more than 17 million patrons a year. Using Amazon EC2, Elastic Load Balancer, Amazon RDS and Auto Scaling, NYPL is able to build scalable, repeatable systems quickly at a fraction of the cost.
    • MakerBot uses AWS to understand what its customers need, and to go to market faster with new and innovative products. MakerBot is a desktop 3-D printing company with more than 100 thousand customers using its 3-D printers. MakerBot uses Matillion ETL for Amazon Redshift to process data from a variety of sources in a fast and cost-effective way.
    • University of Maryland, College Park uses the AWS cloud to create a stable, secure and modern technical environment for its students and staff while ensuring compliance. The University of Maryland is a public research university located in the city of College Park, Maryland, and is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland. The university uses AWS to migrate all of their datacenters to the cloud, as well as Amazon WorkSpaces to give students access to software anytime, anywhere and with any device.

    Upcoming Events

    Help Wanted

    Stay tuned for next week! In the meantime, follow me on Twitter and subscribe to the RSS feed.

    Съд на ЕС: отново за отговорността за линкинг

    Post Syndicated from nellyo original https://nellyo.wordpress.com/2016/09/16/ecj-16/

    Стана известно решението на Съда на ЕС по дело С –  160/15 с предмет преюдициално запитване, отправено на основание член 267 ДФЕС от Hoge Raad der Nederlanden (Върховен съд на Нидерландия)  в рамките на производство по дело GS Media BV срещу Sanoma Media Netherlands BV, Playboy Enterprises International Inc.,Britt Geertruida Dekker.


     Sanoma издава списанието Playboy. Фотографът г‑н C. Hermès прави  снимки и предоставя на Sanoma изключително разрешение за публикуване на тези снимки в списанието.

    GS Media е оператор на сайта Geenstijl, на който според предоставената от този сайт информация се намират „новини, скандални разкрития и журналистически разследвания по развлекателни теми и закачливи безсмислици“ и който всеки ден се посещава от над 230 000 души, което го прави един от десетте най-посещавани новинарски сайта в Нидерландия.

    GeenStijl получава  хипервръзка към електронен файл  на австралийския уебсайт за съхраняване на данни Filefactory.com  с процесните снимки и публикува следното съобщение: „А сега и линкът със снимките, които очаквате. […]“ След кликване върху придружаваща този текст хипервръзка интернет потребителите се препращат към сайта Filefactory, на който друга хипервръзка им позволява да заредят единадесет електронни файла, съдържащи по една от посочените снимки.

     Sanoma и др. предявяват иск пред rechtbank Amsterdam (Районен съд Амстердам, Нидерландия), като по-специално изтъкват, че с поставянето на хипервръзки ес нарушава авторското право. РС в Амстредам се съгласява, но Апелативният съд приема, че няма нарушение, при положение, че още преди това снимките са станали публично достъпни с качването им в интернет на сайта Filefactory.


    При тези обстоятелства Hoge Raad der Nederlanden (Върховният съд на Нидерландия) решава да спре производството и да постави на Съда следните преюдициални въпроси:

    „1)      a)      Налице ли е „публично разгласяване“ по смисъла на член 3, параграф 1 от Директива 2001/29, когато лице, различно от носителя на авторското право, препраща — посредством хипервръзка в уебсайт, на който e оператор — към друг, достъпен за всички интернет потребители уебсайт с оператор трето лице, където произведението е предоставено на публично разположение без разрешението на носителя на авторското право?

          б)      Във връзка с това от значение ли е дали произведението преди това е било предоставено по друг начин на публично разположение без съгласието на носителя на авторското право?

          в)      От значение ли е дали създалото хипервръзката лице е знаело или е трябвало да знае, че носителят на авторското право не е дал разрешение за публикуването на произведението на посочения в първия въпрос, буква a) уебсайт с оператор трето лице, и евентуално че произведението също така не е било вече публично разгласено по друг начин със съгласието на носителя на авторското право?

    2)      a)      При отрицателен отговор на първия въпрос, буква a), в този случай налице ли е или би ли могло да е налице публично разгласяване, ако уебсайтът, към който препраща хипервръзката — а заедно с него и произведението — са публично, но не и лесно достъпни за интернет потребителите, така че поставянето на хипервръзка в голяма степен улеснява намирането на произведението?

          б)      От значение ли е за отговора на втория въпрос, буква а), дали създалото хипервръзката лице е знаело или е трябвало да знае, че уебсайтът, към който препраща хипервръзката, не може да бъде намерен лесно от интернет потребителите?

    3)      Следва ли при отговора на въпроса дали е налице публично разгласяване да бъдат взети предвид други обстоятелства, когато посредством хипервръзка се предоставя достъп до произведение, което не е било преди това предоставено на публично разположение с разрешение на носителя на авторското право?“.

    По преюдициалните въпроси

    Акт на разгласяване има,  когато, като съзнава напълно последиците от своето поведение, ползвателят се намесва, за да предостави на клиентите си достъп до произведение, което е обект на закрила, и по-специално когато без намесата му тези клиенти по принцип не биха могли да се ползват от разпространеното произведение. [т.35]

    Публичност има, при неопределен брой потенциални адресати – като се предполага наличие на доста голям брой лица.[ т.36 ]

    Според решението Svensson и определението BestWater предоставянето   на хипервръзки към свободно достъпни на друг уебсайт произведения не представлява „публично разгласяване“. 

    Сега Съдът казва обаче, че – видно от мотивите – намерението на Съда в Svensson u Best Water е било да се произнесе единствено относно поставянето на хипервръзки към произведения, които са станали свободно достъпни на друг уебсайт със съгласието на носителя на правото, като той стига до извода, че липсва публично разгласяване, тъй като актът на разгласяване не е извършено пред нова публика. [т.41]

    И вече – според новото решение –  за целите на индивидуализираната преценка за наличие на „публично разгласяване“ се гледа дали (1)  поставянето на хипервръзка към произведение, което е свободно достъпно на друг уебсайт, е извършено от лице, което с поставянето ѝ не е целяло получаване на печалба,  и (2) дали  това лице не знае и нормално не може да знае, че това произведение е публикувано в интернет без разрешение на носителя на авторско право – или, напротив, посочените връзки са предоставени с цел печалба, в който случай знанието се предполага. [т.55]

    Обобщение на Martin Husovec  – по The IPKat:



    Filed under: Digital, EU Law, Media Law Tagged: съд на ес

    Why You Should Speak At & Attend LinuxConf Australia

    Post Syndicated from Bradley M. Kuhn original http://ebb.org/bkuhn/blog/2016/08/04/lca2016.html

    [ This blog
    was crossposted
    on Software Freedom Conservancy’s website
    . ]

    Monday 1 February 2016 was the longest day of my life, but I don’t mean
    that in the canonical, figurative, and usually negative sense of that
    phrase. I mean it literally and in a positive way. I woke up that morning
    Amsterdam in the Netherlands — having the previous night taken a
    evening train from Brussels, Belgium with my friend and colleague Tom
    . Tom and I had just spent the weekend
    at FOSDEM 2016, where he and
    I co-organize
    the Legal
    and Policy Issues DevRoom
    (with our mutual friends and colleagues,
    Richard Fontana and Karen M. Sandler).

    Tom and I headed over to AMS airport around 07:00 local time, found some
    breakfast and boarded our flights. Tom was homeward bound, but I was about
    to do the crazy thing that he’d done in the reverse a few years before: I
    was speaking at FOSDEM and LinuxConf Australia, back-to-back. In fact,
    because the airline fares were substantially cheaper this way, I didn’t
    book a “round the world” flight, but instead two back-to-back
    round-trip tickets. I boarded the plane at AMS at 09:30 that morning
    (local time), and landed in my (new-ish) hometown of Portland, OR as
    afternoon there began. I went home, spent the afternoon with my wife,
    sister-in-law, and dogs, washed my laundry, and repacked my bag. My flight
    to LAX departed at 19:36 local time, a little after US/Pacific sunset.

    I crossed the Pacific ocean, the international dateline, left a day on
    deposit to pickup on the way back, after 24 hours of almost literally
    chasing the sun, I arrived in Melbourne on the morning of Wednesday 3
    February, road a shuttle bus, dumped my bags at my room, and arrived just
    in time for
    the Wednesday
    afternoon tea break at LinuxConf Australia 2016 in Geelong

    Nearly everyone who heard this story — or saw me while it was
    happening — asked me the same question: Why are you doing
    . The five to six people packed in with me in my coach section on
    the LAX→SYD leg are probably still asking this, because I had an
    allergic attack of some sort most of the flight and couldn’t stop coughing,
    even with two full bags of Fisherman’s Friends over those 15 hours.

    But, nevertheless, I gave a simple answer to everyone who questioned my
    crazy BRU→AMS→PDX→LAX→SYD→MEL itinerary: FOSDEM and LinuxConf AU are
    two of the most important events on the Free Software annual calendar.
    There’s just no question. I’ll write more about FOSDEM sometime soon, but
    the rest of this post, I’ll dedicate to LinuxConf Australia (LCA).

    One of my biggest regrets in Free Software is that I was once — and
    you’ll be surprised by this given my story above — a bit squeamish
    about the nearly 15 hour flight to get from the USA to Australia, and
    therefore I didn’t attend LCA until 2015. LCA began way back in 1999.
    Keep in mind that, other than FOSDEM, no major, community-organized events
    have survived from that time. But LCA has the culture and mindset of the
    kinds of conferences that our community made in 1999.

    LCA is community organized and operated. Groups of volunteers
    each year plan the event. In the tradition of science fiction conventions
    and other hobbyist activities, groups bid for the conference and offer
    their time and effort to make the conference a success. They have an
    annual hand-off meeting to be sure the organization lessons are passed from
    one committee to the next, and some volunteers even repeat their
    involvement year after year. For organizational structure, they rely on a
    non-profit organization, Linux
    , to assist with handling the funds and providing
    infrastructure (just like Conservancy does for our member projects and
    their conferences!)

    I believe fully that the success of software freedom and GNU/Linux in
    particularly has not primarily been because companies allow developers to
    spend some of their time coding on upstream. Sure, many Free Software
    projects couldn’t survive without that component, but what really makes
    GNU/Linux, or any Free Software project, truly special is that there’s a
    community of users and developers who use, improve, and learn about the
    software because it excites and interests them. LCA is one of the few
    events specifically designed to invite that sort of person to attend, and
    it has for almost an entire generation stood in stark contrast the highly
    corporate, for-profits events that slowly took over our community in the
    years that followed LCA’s founding. (Remember all those years of
    ? I wasn’t even sad when IDG stopped running it!)

    Speaking particularly of earlier this year, LCA 2016 in Geelong, Australia
    was a particular profound event for me. LCA is one of the few events that
    accepts my rather political talks about what’s happening in Open Source and
    Free Software, so I gave a talk
    on Friday
    5 February 2016
    entitled Copyleft For the Next Decade: A
    Comprehensive Plan
    , which was recorded, so you can watch it. I do
    warn everyone that the jokes did not go over well (mine never do), so after I
    finished, I was feeling a bit down that I hadn’t made the talk entertaining
    enough. But then, something amazing happened: people started walking up to
    me and telling me how important my message was. One individual even came up
    and told me that he was excited enough that he’d like
    to match
    any donation that Software Freedom Conservancy received during LCA 2016
    Since it was the last day of the event, I quickly went to one of the
    organizers, Kathy Reid, and asked
    if they would announce this match during the closing ceremonies; she agreed.
    In a matter of just an hour or two, I’d gone from believing my talk had
    fallen flat to realizing that — regardless of whether I’d presented
    well — the concepts I discussed had connected with people.

    Then, I sat down in the closing session. I started to tear up slightly
    when the
    organizers announced the donation match
    . Within 90 seconds, though,
    that turned to full tears of joy when the incoming President of Linux
    Australia, Hugh Blemings, came on
    stage and

    [I’ll start with] a Software Freedom Conservancy thing, as it turns out.
    … I can tell that most of you weren’t at Bradley’s talk earlier on
    today, but if there is one talk I’d encourage you to watch on the
    playback later it would be that one. There’s a very very important
    message in there and something to take away for all of us. On behalf of
    the Council I’d like to announce … that we’re actually in the
    process of making a significant donation from Linux Australia to Software
    Freedom Conservancy as well. I urge all of you to consider contributing
    individual as well, and there is much left for us to be done as a
    community on that front.

    I hope that this post helps organizers of events like LCA fully understand
    how much something like this means to us who run a small charities —
    and not just with regard to the financial contributions. Knowing that the
    organizers of community events feel so strongly positive about our work
    really keeps us going. We work hard and spend much time at Conservancy to
    serve the Open Source and Free Software community, and knowing the work is
    appreciated inspires us to keep working. Furthermore, we know that without
    these events, it’s much tougher for us to reach others with our message of
    software freedom. So, for us, the feeling is mutual: I’m delighted that
    the Linux Australia and LCA folks feel so positively about Conservancy, and
    I now look forward to another 15 hour flight for the next LCA.

    And, on that note, I chose a strategic time to post this story. On Friday
    5 August 2016, the CFP for LCA
    2017 closes
    . So, now is the time for all of you to submit a talk. If
    you regularly speak at Open Source and Free Software events, or have been
    considering it, this event really needs to be on your calendar. I look
    forward to seeing all of you Hobart this January.

    Съд на ЕС: линкинг

    Post Syndicated from nellyo original https://nellyo.wordpress.com/2016/07/29/linking-6/

    Стана известно заключението на Генералния адвокат по дело C-160/15 GS MEDIA BV v. Sanoma Media Netherlands.

    Налице ли е публично разгласяване, когато оператор на уебсайт  препраща чрез хипервръзка към друг  уебсайт, където дадено произведение е предоставено на разположение без съгласието на носителя на авторското право?
    Преюдициалното запитване  е отправено в рамките на спор между  GS Media BV  и, от друга страна, Sanoma Media Netherlands BV, Playboy Enterprises International Inc. и г‑жа Dekker във връзка  с публикуването на уебсайта GeenStijl.nl, чийто оператор е GS Media, на хипервръзки (или „активни интернет връзки“) към други сайтове, позволяващи да бъдат разглеждани пиратски копия на снимки на г‑жа Dekker, направени за списанието Playboy.
    Като се позовават по-специално на решение Svensson и др. (C‑466/12, EU:C:2014:76), Sanoma и др. твърдят, че предоставянето на линк към уебсайт, на който дадено произведение е публикувано без съгласието на носителя на авторското право, представлява публично разгласяване, и то без оглед на това дали произведението е било публикувано по-рано с неговото съгласие. Hoge Raad der Nederlanden (Върховен съд на Нидерландия) приема, че от решение Svensson и др. (C‑466/12, EU:C:2014:76), както и от определение BestWater International (C‑348/13, EU:C:2014:2315) не е възможно да се направи с достатъчна сигурност извод дали е налице „публично разгласяване“, когато произведението действително е било публикувано по-рано, но без съгласието на носителя на авторското право.
    GS Media, Федерална република Германия, Португалската република , Словашката република и Комисията предлагат да се отговори отрицателно на въпроса, цитиран по-горе. Те смятат, че когато хипервръзка препраща към уебсайт с оператор трето лице, който е свободно достъпен за всички интернет потребители, където съответното произведение е предоставено на разположение без разрешението на носителя на авторското право — също и в хипотезата, в която това произведение не е било публикувано по-рано и на друго място със разрешението на носителя на авторското право — не е налице „публично разгласяване“.
    Според Генералния адвокат:
    поставянето на хипервръзка на даден уебсайт, препращаща към друг уебсайт, на който, без разрешението на носителя на авторското право, са свободно достъпни за публиката закриляни с авторско право произведения, не представлява акт на публично разгласяване съгласно Директива 2001/29/ЕО.

    Filed under: Digital, EU Law, Media Law Tagged: съд на ес

    Frequently Asked Questions About Compliance in the AWS Cloud

    Post Syndicated from Chad Woolf original https://blogs.aws.amazon.com/security/post/Tx2M9XYV2FNQ483/Frequently-Asked-Questions-About-Compliance-in-the-AWS-Cloud

    Every month, AWS Compliance fields thousands of questions about how to achieve and maintain compliance in the cloud. Among other things, customers are eager to take advantage of the cost savings and security at scale that AWS offers while still maintaining robust security and regulatory compliance. Because regulations across industries and geographies can be complex, we thought it might be helpful to share answers to some of the frequently asked questions we hear about compliance in the AWS cloud, as well as to clear up potential misconceptions about how operating in the cloud might affect compliance.

    Is AWS compliant with [Program X]?

    Context is required to answer this question. In all cases, customers operating in the cloud remain responsible for complying with applicable laws and regulations, and it is up to you to determine whether AWS services meet applicable requirements for your business. To help you make this determination, we have enacted assurance programs across multiple industries and jurisdictions to inform and support AWS customers. We think about these assurance programs across the following three broad categories.

    1. Certifications and attestations

    Compliance certifications and attestations (evidence showing that something is true) are assessed by a third-party, independent auditor and result in a certification, audit report, or attestation of compliance.

    Assurance programs in this category include:

    2. Laws and regulations

    AWS customers remain responsible for complying with applicable compliance laws and regulations. In some cases, AWS offers functionality (such as security features), enablers, and legal agreements (such as the AWS Data Processing Agreement and Business Associate Agreement) to support customer compliance. Requirements under applicable laws and regulations may not be subject to certification or attestation.

    Assurance programs in this category include:

    3. Alignments and frameworks

    Compliance alignments and frameworks include published security or compliance requirements for a specific purpose, such as a specific industry or function. AWS provides functionality (such as security features) and enablers (including compliance playbooks, mapping documents, and whitepapers) for these types of programs.

    Requirements under specific alignments and frameworks may not be subject to certification or attestation; however, some alignments and frameworks are covered by other compliance programs. (for instance, NIST guidelines can be mapped to applicable FedRAMP security baselines).

    Assurance programs in this category include:

    How does AWS separate the responsibilities that they cover from the ones I still need to maintain around my compliance program?

    AWS operates on the AWS Shared Responsibility Model. While AWS manages security of the cloud, customers remain responsible for compliance and security in the cloud. You retain control of the security you choose to implement to protect your content, platform, applications, systems, and networks, and you are responsible for meeting specific compliance and regulatory requirements.

    Learn more about the AWS Shared Responsibility Model by watching the following video.

    What’s an example of an AWS community focused on compliance?

    AWS recently released a publicly available GitHub repository for AWS Config Rules. All members of the AWS community can contribute to this repository to help make effective and useful Config Rules. You can tap into the collective ingenuity and expertise of the entire AWS community to automate your compliance checks. For more information, see Announcing the AWS Config Rules Repository: A New Community-Based Source of Custom Rules for AWS Config.

    What is AWS’s formal security incident response plan?

    AWS’s formally documented incident response plan addresses purpose, scope, roles, responsibilities, and management commitment. It has been developed in alignment with ISO 27001 and NIST 800-53 standards. AWS has implemented the following three-phased approach to incident management:

    1. AWS detects an incident.  
    2. Specialized teams address the incident.
    3. AWS conducts a postmortem and deep root-cause analysis of the incident.

    Mechanisms are in place to allow the customer support team to be notified of operational issues that impact the customer experience. A Service Health Dashboard is available and maintained by the customer support team to alert customers to any issues that may be of broad impact. The AWS incident management program is reviewed by independent external auditors during audits of AWS’s SOC, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, and FedRAMP compliance.

    How often does AWS issue SOC reports and when does the next one become available?

    AWS issues two SOC 1 and SOC 2 reports covering 6-month periods each year (the first report covers October 1 through March 31, and the other covers April 1 through September 30). There are many factors that play into the release date of the report, but we target early May and early November each year to release new reports. Our downloadable AWS SOC 3 Report is issued annually and is released along with the May SOC 1 and SOC 2 reports.

    Please contact us with questions about using AWS products in a compliant manner, or if you’d like to learn more about compliance in the cloud, see the AWS Cloud Compliance website.

    – Chad

    Oh, the places you won’t go: Polonia in the United States

    Post Syndicated from Michal Zalewski original http://lcamtuf.blogspot.com/2015/05/oh-places-you-wont-go-polonia-in-united.html

    This is the third article in a short series about Poland, Europe, and the United States. To explore the entire series, start here.

    Naming the largest diasporas in the United States may seem like an easy task. For one, we have the deeply-assimilated families of German, Irish, Italian, and British immigrants. There is also a large Mexican community, unique for having a much higher percentage of members who were foreign-born.

    Most people would venture a guess that India or China should come next; some may also suggest France, Denmark, or the Netherlands. They would be all wrong: the next spot on the list belongs to the massive Polish diaspora, estimated to be almost ten million strong.

    Given its sheer size, the cultural influences of the Polish-American community are uncharacteristically subdued. There are precious few Poland-originating holiday traditions or ethnic foods. Outside a couple rapidly shrinking enclaves such as Avondale in Chicago or Greenpoint in New York City, you are unlikely to bump into posh Polish diners, pricey grocery stores, or flamboyant street parades. Children born to Polish immigrants in the US are seldom taught to read or write in their parents’ language – and will probably know very little about their familial lineage or common ancestry.

    Perhaps there just aren’t that many bits of Polish culture to build on against the backdrop of Germanic, British, Italian, and Dutch influences that shaped the American life. Much like its German counterpart, the traditional Polish cuisine is obsessed chiefly with potatoes and meat. Today, we take pride in our pączki, but when pressed, we will sooner or later confess that they are just doughnuts by some other name. We can offer you some pierogi, but they will truly impress you only if you never had any ravioli or tortellini. We can also hook you up with some sausage, sauerkraut, pickles, ribs, or beer. On your way out, take a bite of our cheesecake or apple pie.

    The holiday traditions run into the same challenge, perhaps with the exception of the infamous but niche Dyngus Day. Other than that, the most commonly observed practice is that in line with much of Central Europe, Polish children may get their gifts in the evening on Christmas Eve, not in the morning on Christmas Day. Our traditional clothing looks distinctive – but it is ornate and archaic, making it compare unfavorably with the beautiful simplicity of wearing green on St. Patrick’s Day, or getting hammered in suspenders come Oktoberfest.

    Humor aside, a more powerful clue to the invisibility of the Polish diaspora may lie in its very history. In the twentieth century, the immigrants from Poland ended up occupying three isolated social strata, with relatively few opportunities for working together and developing any form of a shared cultural identity.

    The first and most populous stratum of contemporary immigration were the common folk, displaced by the horrors of the war and the crippling poverty that followed under communist rule. Many of them worked menial jobs, spoke little or no English, and clustered around many of the traditionally Polish enclaves that offered them a degree of familiarity and support. For many years, they and their children faced blatant discrimination, epitomized by the popular “Polish jokes” in the 1960s and 1970s. The demeaning stereotypes that followed them everywhere prompted many Poles to adopt Americanized names, intermarry, and keep their origins a private affair.

    The second stratum were the dissidents and the disillusioned intellectuals leaving Poland to escape the dysfunctional regime. Usually better-educated and more confident, they helped build the first proper Polish-American institutions, including local newspapers, community organizations, churches, shipping and travel companies, or banks. The members of this group felt much stronger national identity and perceived themselves as the guarantors of Polish interests abroad. With the fall of communism in Europe, many of them were incredulous that the former dignitaries were allowed to walk free and play a role in business and politics – a sentiment that still shapes their political views.

    The big change in immigration trends came with the accession of Poland to the European Union. The unhappy and the disenfranchised would now overwhelmingly favor moving to Germany or to the UK, where they could take up residence without having to deal with restrictive immigration laws. The remaining US-bound migration shifted toward skilled, university-trained engineers and IT workers, many of whom gravitated toward tech hubs such as SF Bay Area, Seattle, or NYC. Having been born in the 1970s and 1980s, most of them remembered Poland as a thriving capitalist democracy; they were driven not by despair, but by the prospects of better pay or more interesting work.

    All this nuance is easily lost on the people back home. Many of the left-wing and centrist pundits in Poland demonize the expats in hopes of mobilizing the more moderate domestic electorate. They paint a picture of a frighteningly powerful voting block that will prop up any fringe, conservative candidate, as long as they promise to rid Polish politics of the Soviet sleeper agents and other increasingly fictitious communist legacy.

    Of course, for most part, such reputation is bunk; although a good percentage of Polish-Americans are very distrustful of left-leaning politicians in their country of origin, only a tiny percentage of them ever turns up to actually cast a ballot, and their overall influence on the results of Polish elections is slim. Contrary to how they are perceived, they also do not blindly cling on to social conservatism; in American elections, they usually vote for Democrats.

    That said, repeated over and over again, the catchy narrative about dimwitted compatriots can take a life of its own. Several weeks ago, Longin Pastusiak, an eminent Polish publicist and polician, penned a piece characterizing Polish-Americans as simpletons who only have a very shallow appreciation for the Polish heritage and who meekly submit to the supposedly powerful influences of the Roman Catholic church. He is not alone in his views; many go even further and call for the diaspora’s voting rights to be taken away.

    Having overcome discrimination in the States only to face bureaucratic hurdles and prejudiced, vitriolic nonsense back home, it’s no wonder that most of the Polish immigrants just want to blend in and move on. In the long haul, it’s probably a big loss – not necessarily for them, but for their former home.

    Crowds at Polish Days in San Francisco (2010)

    For the next article in the series, click here.