Tag Archives: Certification

Certifying our Commitment to Your Right to Information Privacy

Post Syndicated from Emily Hancock original https://blog.cloudflare.com/certifying-our-commitment-to-your-right-to-information-privacy/

Certifying our Commitment to Your Right to Information Privacy

Certifying our Commitment to Your Right to Information Privacy

Cloudflare recognizes privacy in personal data as a fundamental human right and has taken a number of steps, including certifying to international standards, to demonstrate our commitment to privacy.

Privacy has long been recognized as a fundamental human right. The United Nations included a right to privacy in its 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 12) and in the 1976 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Article 17). A number of other jurisdiction-specific laws and treaties also recognize privacy as a fundamental right.

Cloudflare shares the belief that privacy is a fundamental right. We believe that our mission to help build a better Internet means building a privacy-respecting Internet, so people don’t feel they have to sacrifice their personal information — where they live, their ages and interests, their shopping habits, or their religious or political beliefs — in order to navigate the online world.

But talk is cheap. Anyone can say they value privacy. We show it. We demonstrate our commitment to privacy not only in the products and services we build and the way we run our privacy program, but also in the examinations we perform of our processes and products  to ensure they work the way we say they do.

Certifying to International Privacy and Security Standards

Cloudflare has a multi-faceted privacy program that incorporates critical privacy principles such as being transparent about our privacy practices, practicing privacy by design when we build our products and services, using the minimum amount of personal data necessary for our services to work, and only processing personal data for the purposes specified. We were able to demonstrate our holistic approach to privacy when, earlier this year, Cloudflare became one of the first organizations in our industry to certify to a new international privacy standard for protecting and managing the processing of personal data — ISO/IEC 27701:2019.

This standard took the concepts in global data protection laws like the EU’s watershed General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) and adapted them into an international standard for how to manage privacy. This certification provides assurance to our customers that a third party has independently verified that Cloudflare’s privacy program meets GDPR-aligned industry standards. Having this certification helps our customers have confidence in the way we handle and protect our customer information, as both processor and controller of personal information.

The standard contains 31 controls identified for organizations that are personal data controllers, and 18 additional controls identified for organizations that are personal data processors.[1] The controls are essentially a set of best practices that data controllers and processors must meet in terms of data handling practices and transparency about those practices, documenting a legal basis for processing and for transfer of data to third countries (outside the EU), and handling data subject rights, among others.

For example, the standard requires that an organization maintain policies and document specific procedures related to the international transfer of personal data.

Cloudflare has implemented this requirement by maintaining an internal policy restricting the transfer of personal data between jurisdictions unless that transfer meets defined criteria. Customers, whether free or paid, enter into a standard Data Processing Addendum with Cloudflare which is available on the Cloudflare Customer Dashboard and which sets out the restrictions we must adhere to when processing personal data on behalf of customers, including when transferring personal data between jurisdictions. Additionally, Cloudflare publishes a list of sub-processors that we may use when processing personal data, and in which countries or jurisdictions that processing may take place.

The standard also requires that organizations should maintain documented personal data minimization objectives, including what mechanisms are used to meet those objectives.

Personal data minimization objective

Cloudflare maintains internal policies on how we manage data throughout its full lifecycle, including data minimization objectives. In fact, our commitment to privacy starts with the objective of minimizing personal data. That’s why, if we don’t have to collect certain personal data in order to deliver our service to customers, we’d prefer not to collect it at all in the first place. Where we do have to, we collect the minimum amount necessary to achieve the identified purpose and process it for the minimum amount necessary, transparently documenting the processing in our public privacy policy.

We’re also proud to have developed a Privacy by Design policy, which rigorously sets out the high-standards and evaluations that must be undertaken if products and services are to collect and process personal data. We use these mechanisms to ensure our collection and use of personal data is limited and transparently documented.

Demonstrating our adherence to laws and policies designed to protect the privacy of personal information is only one way to show how we value the people’s right to privacy. Another critical element of our privacy approach is the high level of security we apply to the data on our systems in order to keep that data private. We’ve demonstrated our commitment to data security through a number of certifications:

  • ISO 27001:2013: This is an industry-wide accepted information security certification that focuses on the implementation of an Information Security Management System (ISMS) and security risk management processes. Cloudflare has been ISO 27001 certified since 2019.
  • SOC 2 Type II:  Cloudflare has undertaken the AICPA SOC 2 Type II certification to attest that Security, Confidentiality, and Availability controls are in place in accordance with the AICPA Trust Service Criteria. Cloudflare’s SOC 2 Type II report covers security, confidentiality, and availability controls to protect customer data.
  • PCI DSS 3.2.1: Cloudflare maintains PCI DSS Level 1 compliance and has been PCI compliant since 2014. Cloudflare’s Web Application Firewall (WAF), Cloudflare Access, Content Delivery Network (CDN), and Time Service are PCI compliant solutions. Cloudflare is audited annually by a third-party Qualified Security Assessor (QSA).
  • BSI Qualification: Cloudflare has been recognized by the German government’s Federal Office for Information Security as a qualified provider of DDoS mitigation services.

More information about these certifications is available on our Certifications and compliance resources page.

In addition, we are continuing to look for other opportunities to demonstrate our compliance with data privacy best practices. For example, we are following the European Union’s approval of the first official GDPR codes of conduct in May 2021, and we are considering other privacy standards, such as the ISO 27018 cloud privacy certification.

Building Tools to Deliver Privacy

We think one of the most impactful ways we can respect people’s privacy is by not collecting or processing unnecessary personal data in the first place. We not only build our own network with this principle in mind, but we also believe in empowering individuals and entities of all sizes with technological tools to easily build privacy-respecting applications and minimize the amount of personal information transiting the Internet.

One such tool is our public DNS resolver — the Internet’s fastest, privacy-first public DNS resolver. When we launched our resolver, we committed that we would not retain any personal data about requests made using our resolver. And because we baked anonymization best practices into the resolver when we built it, we were able to demonstrate that we didn’t have any personal data to sell when we asked independent accountants to conduct a privacy examination of the resolver. While we haven’t made changes to how the product works since then, if we ever do so in the future, we’ll go back and commission another examination to demonstrate that when someone uses our public resolver, we can’t tell who is visiting any given website.

In addition to our resolver, we’ve built a number of other privacy-enhancing technologies, such as:

  • Cloudflare’s Web Analytics, which does not use any client-side state, such as cookies or localStorage, to collect usage metrics, and never ‘fingerprints’ individual users.
  • Supporting Oblivious DoH (ODoH), a proposed DNS standard — co-authored by engineers from Cloudflare, Apple, and Fastly — that separates IP addresses from DNS queries, so that no single entity can see both at the same time. In other words, ODoH means, for example, that no single entity can see that IP address sent an access request to the website example.com.
  • Universal SSL (now called Transport Layer Security), which we made available to all of our customers, paying and free. Supporting SSL means that we support encrypting the content of web pages, which had previously been sent as plain text over the Internet. It’s like sending your private, personal information in a locked box instead of on a postcard.

Building Trust

Cloudflare’s subscription-based business model has always been about offering an incredible suite of products that help make the Internet faster, more efficient, more secure, and more private for our users. Our business model has never been about selling users’ data or tracking individuals as they go about their digital lives. We don’t think people should have to trade their private information just to get access to Internet applications. We work every day to earn and maintain our users’ trust by respecting their right to privacy in their personal data as it transits our network, and by being transparent about how we handle and secure that data. You can find out more about the policies, privacy-enhancing technologies, and certifications that help us earn that trust by visiting the Cloudflare Trust Hub at www.cloudflare.com/trust-hub.

[1] The GDPR defines a “data controller” as the “natural or legal person (…) or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data”; and a “data processor” as “a natural or legal person (…) which processes personal data on behalf of the controller.”

C5 Type 2 attestation report now available with one new Region and 123 services in scope

Post Syndicated from Mercy Kanengoni original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/c5-type-2-attestation-report-available-one-new-region-123-services-in-scope/

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is pleased to announce the issuance of the 2020 Cloud Computing Compliance Controls Catalogue (C5) Type 2 attestation report. We added one new AWS Region (Europe-Milan) and 21 additional services and service features to the scope of the 2020 report.

Germany’s national cybersecurity authority, Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI), established C5 to define a reference standard for German cloud security requirements. Customers in Germany and other European countries can use AWS’s attestation report to help them meet local security requirements of the C5 framework.

The C5 Type 2 report covers the time period October 1, 2019, through September 30, 2020. It was issued by an independent third-party attestation organization and assesses the design and the operational effectiveness of AWS’s controls against C5’s basic and additional criteria. This attestation demonstrates our commitment to meet the security expectations for cloud service providers set by the BSI in Germany.

We continue to add new Regions and services to the C5 compliance scope so that you have more services to choose from that meet regulatory and compliance requirements. AWS has added the Europe (Milan) Region and the following 21 services and service features to this year’s C5 scope:

You can see a current list of the services in scope for C5 on the AWS Services in Scope by Compliance Program page. The C5 report and Continuing Operations Letter is available to AWS customers through AWS Artifact. For more information, see Cloud Computing Compliance Controls Catalogue (C5).

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Mercy Kanengoni

Mercy is a Security Audit Program Manager at AWS. She leads security audits across Europe, and she has previously worked in security assurance and technology risk management.

AWS is the first global cloud service provider to comply with the new K-ISMS-P standard

Post Syndicated from Seulun Sung original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/aws-is-the-first-global-cloud-service-provider-to-comply-with-the-new-k-isms-p-standard/

We’re excited to announce that Amazon Web Services (AWS) has achieved certification under the Korea-Personal Information & Information Security Management System (K-ISMS-P) standard (effective from December 16, 2020 to December 15, 2023). The assessment by the Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) covered the operation of infrastructure (including compute, storage, networking, databases, and security) in the AWS Asia Pacific (Seoul) Region. AWS was the first global cloud service provider (CSP) to obtain K-ISMS certification (the previous version of K-ISMS-P) back in 2017. Now AWS is the first global CSP to achieve compliance with the K-ISMS portion of the new K-ISMS-P standard.

Sponsored by KISA and affiliated with the Korean Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), K-ISMS-P serves as a standard for evaluating whether enterprises and organizations operate and manage their information security management systems consistently and securely, such that they thoroughly protect their information assets. The new K-ISMS-P standard combined the K-ISMS and K-PIMS (Personal Information Management System) standards with updated control items. Accordingly, the new K-ISMS certification and K-ISMS-P certification (personal information–focused) are introduced under the updated standard.

In this year’s audit, 110 services running in the Asia Pacific (Seoul) Region are included. The newly launched Availability Zone in 2020 is also added to the certification scope.

This certification helps enterprises and organizations across South Korea, regardless of industry, meet KISA compliance requirements more efficiently. Achieving this certification demonstrates the proactive approach AWS has taken to meet compliance set by the South Korean government and to deliver secure AWS services to customers. In addition, we’ve launched Quick Start and Operational Best Practices (conformance pack) pages to provide customers with a compliance framework that they can utilize for their K-ISMS-P compliance needs. Enterprises and organizations can use these toolkits and AWS certification to reduce the effort and cost of getting their own K-ISMS-P certification. You can download the AWS K-ISMS certification under the K-ISMS-P standard from AWS Artifact. To learn more about the AWS K-ISMS certification, see the AWS K-ISMS page. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact your AWS Account Manager.

If you have feedback about this post, submit comments in the Comments section below.

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Seulun Sung

Seulun is a Security Audit Program Manager at AWS, leading security certification programs, with a focus on the K-ISMS-P program in South Korea. She has a decade of experience in deploying global policies and processes to local Regions and helping customers adopt regulations. She is passionate about helping to build customers’ trust and provide them assurance on cloud security.

Cloudflare Certifications

Post Syndicated from Ling Wu original https://blog.cloudflare.com/cloudflare-certifications/

Cloudflare Certifications

Cloudflare Certifications

At Cloudflare, we prioritize initiatives that improve the security and privacy of our products and services. The security organization believes trust and transparency are foundational principles that are ingrained in what we build, the policies we set, and the data we protect. Many of our enterprise customers have stringent regulatory compliance obligations and require their cloud service providers like ourselves to provide assurance that we meet and exceed industry security standards. In the last couple of years, we’ve decided to invest in ways to make the evaluation of our security posture easier. We did so not only by obtaining recognized security certifications and reports in an aggressive timeline, but we also built a team that partners with our customers to provide transparency into our security and privacy practices.

Security Certifications & Reports

We understand the importance of providing transparency into our security processes, controls, and how our customers can continuously rely on them to operate effectively. Cloudflare complies with and supports the following standards:

Cloudflare Certifications

SOC-2 Type II / SOC 3 (Service Organizations Controls) – Cloudflare maintains SOC reports that include the security, confidentiality, and availability trust principles. The SOC-2 report provides assurance that our products and underlying infrastructure are secure and highly available while protecting the confidentiality of our customer’s data.  We engage with our third-party assessors on an annual basis, and the report provided to our customers covers a period of one full year.

Cloudflare Certifications

ISO 27001:2013 (International Standards Organization) – Cloudflare’s ISO certification covers our entire platform including our edge network and core data centers. Customers can be assured that Cloudflare has a formal information security management program that adheres to a globally recognized standard.

Cloudflare Certifications

PCI Data Security Standard (DSS) – Cloudflare engages with a QSA (qualified security assessor) on an annual basis to evaluate us as a Level 1 Merchant and a Service Provider. This way, we can assure our customers that we meet the requirements to transmit their payment data securely. As a service provider, our customers can trust Cloudflare’s products to meet requirements of the DSS and transmit cardholder data securely through our services.

Cloudflare Certifications

HIPAA/HITECH Act (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act/Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health – Covered healthcare entities that are leveraging our enterprise version of our security products to protect their application layer can be assured that Cloudflare can sign Business Associates Agreements (BAA).

Cloudflare Certifications Public DNS Resolver Privacy Examination –  Cloudflare conducted a first-of-its-kind privacy examination by a leading accounting firm to determine whether the resolver was effectively configured to meet Cloudflare’s privacy commitments. A public summary of the assessment can be found here.

Security Engagement Team

We understood that having security compliance certifications and reports would provide ease of mind when using our products, but we knew it may not be enough for those who are sending their most sensitive information through our services. We decided that it was paramount to build out a Security Engagement Team within our Security Organization. Our Security Engagement Team can work with our customer’s security and compliance functions to understand their regulatory and compliance landscape. They are here to understand our customer’s use cases, address concerns, and communicate asks and requests to our Validations, Risk, and Security Engineering Teams so we know what’s top of mind from our customers.

We strive to put trust first. The certifications and reports we obtain, the security features we build, the white papers, faqs, and documents that we create — we build all of these resources based on the needs of our customers.  In the future, we will continue to listen closely to our customers, with the goal of continuously improving the security and privacy of our products and services.

For more information about our certifications and reports please visit our compliance page – cloudflare.com/compliance. You can also reach us at [email protected] for any questions.

Empowering our Customers and Service Partners

Post Syndicated from Dan Hollinger original https://blog.cloudflare.com/empowering-our-customers-and-service-partners/

Empowering our Customers and Service Partners

Last year, Cloudflare announced the planned expansion of our partner program to help managed and professional service partners efficiently engage with Cloudflare and join us in our mission to help build a better Internet. Today, we want to highlight some of those amazing partners and our growing support and training for MSPs around the globe. We want to make sure service partners have the enablement and resources they need to bring a more secure and performant Internet experience to their customers.

This partner program tier is specifically designed for professional service firms and Managed Service Providers (MSPs and MSSPs) that want to build value-added services and support Cloudflare customers. While Cloudflare is hyper-focused on building highly scalable and easy to use products, we recognize that some customers may want to engage with a professional services firm to assist them in maximizing the value of our offerings. From building Cloudflare Workers, implementing multi-cloud load balancing, or managing WAF and DDoS events, our partner training and support enables sales and technical teams to position and support the Cloudflare platform as well as enhance their services businesses.


Our training and certification is meant to help partners through each stage of Cloudflare adoption, from discovery and sale to implementation, operation and continuous optimization. The program includes hands-on education, partner support and success resources, and access to account managers and partner enablement engineers.  

  • Accredited Sales ProfessionalLearn about key product features and how to identify opportunities and find the best solution for customers.
  • Accredited Sales EngineerLearn about Cloudflare’s technical differentiation that drives a smarter, faster and safer Internet.
  • Accredited Configuration Engineer Learn about implementation, best practices, and supporting Cloudflare.
  • Accredited Services Architect Launching in May, our Architect accreditation dives deeper into cybersecurity management, performance optimization, and migration services for Cloudflare.
  • Accredited Workers Developer (In Development) – Learn how to develop and deploy serverless applications with Cloudflare Workers.
Empowering our Customers and Service Partners
Cloudflare Partner Accreditation

Service Opportunities

Over the past year, the partners we’ve engaged with have found success throughout Cloudflare’s lifecycle by helping customers understand how to transform their network in their move to hybrid and multi-cloud solutions, develop serverless applications, or manage the Cloudflare platform.

Network Digital Transformations

“Cloudflare is streamlining our migration from on-prem to the cloud. As we tap into various public cloud services, Cloudflare serves as our independent, unified point of control — giving us the strategic flexibility to choose the right cloud solution for the job, and the ability to easily make changes down the line.” — Dr. Isabel Wolters, Chief Technology Officer, Handelsblatt Media Group

Serverless Architecture Development

“At Queue-it we pride ourselves on being the leading developer of virtual waiting room technology, providing a first-in, first-out online waiting system. By partnering with Cloudflare, we’ve made it easier for our joint customers to bring our solution to their applications through Cloudflare Apps and our Cloudflare Workers Connector that leverages the power of edge computing.”  – Henrik Bjergegaard, VP Sales, Queue-It

Managed Security & Insights

“Opticca Security supports our clients with proven and reliable solutions to ensure business continuity and protection of your online assets. Opticca Security has grown our partnership with Cloudflare over the years to support the quick deployment, seamless integration, and trusted expertise of Cloudflare Security solutions, Cloudflare Workers, and more.” — Joey Campione, President, Opticca Security

Partner Showcase – Zilker Technology

We wanted to highlight the success of one of our managed service partners who, together with Cloudflare, is delivering a more secure, more high performing and more reliable Internet experience for customers.

Empowering our Customers and Service Partners

Zilker Technology engaged Cloudflare when one of their eCommerce clients, the retail store of a major NFL team, was facing carding attacks and other malicious activity on their sites. “Our client activated their Cloudflare subscription on a Thursday, and we were live with Cloudflare in production the following Tuesday, ahead of Black Friday later that same week,” says Drew Harris, Director of Managed Services for Zilker. “It was crazy fast and easy!”

Carding – also known as credit card stuffing, fraud or verification, happens when cyber criminals attempt to make small purchases with large volumes of stolen credit card numbers on one eCommerce platform.

In addition to gaining the enhanced security and protection from Cloudflare WAF, advanced DDOS protection, and rate-limiting, Zilker replaced the client’s legacy CDN with Cloudflare CDN, improving site performance and user experience. Zilker provides full-stack managed services and 24/7 support for the client, including Cloudflare monitoring and management.  

“Partnering with Cloudflare gives us peace of mind that we can deliver on customer expectations of security and performance all the time, every day. Even as new threats emerge, Cloudflare is one step ahead of the game,” says Matthew Fox, VP of Business Development.

Just getting started

Cloudflare is committed to making our service partners successful to ensure our customers have the best technology and expertise available to them as they accelerate and protect their critical applications, infrastructure, and teams. As Cloudflare grows our product set, we’ve seen increased demand for the services provided by our partners. Cloudflare is excited and grateful to work with amazing agencies, professional services firms and managed security providers across the globe. The diverse Cloudflare Partner Network is essential to our mission of helping to build a better Internet, and we are dedicated to the success of our partners. We’ll continue our commitment to our customers and partners that Cloudflare will be the easiest and most rewarding solution to implement with partners.

More Information:

Using API Gateway as a Single Entry Point for Web Applications and API Microservices

Post Syndicated from Anandprasanna Gaitonde original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/architecture/using-api-gateway-as-a-single-entry-point-for-web-applications-and-api-microservices/


The benefits of high availability, scalability, and elasticity that AWS offers has proven to be a boon for Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) providers. AWS has also made it seamless to adopt microservices architectures for modernizing these SaaS applications, as well as providing API-based access for external applications.

An API management layer such as Amazon API Gateway is a natural choice for customers to expose APIs externally in a secure and highly scalable manner. However, as they adopt the cloud for their software applications and services, these providers may spin up redundant AWS environments to support them for multiple customers. This is typically driven by some unique requirements for each of their customers.

However, there is potential to create a multi-tenant microservices architecture using the capabilities of API Gateway. This architecture utilizes the same instance of microservice to serve different customers, thereby leading to a better utilization of the environment and optimized from a cost perspective. This configuration requires providers to support white-labelling of domains to cater to each of their customer as well as support identification of the customer domain for handling customized business logic for each customer in the backend microservices.

This blog post talks about a reference architecture that allows API Gateway to act as single entry point for external-facing, API-based microservices and web applications across multiple external customers by leveraging a different subdomain for each one.

Amazon API Gateway: A Single Entry-Point

Using a single API Gateway in the architecture across multiple web portal applications and microservices is an important consideration towards the goal of reusability of components and cost optimization.

Amazon API Gateway provides a highly scalable solution to create and publish RESTful and WebSocket APIs. It provides flexibility in choosing multiple backend technologies such as AWS Lambda functions, AWS Step Functions state machines, or call HTTP(s) endpoints hosted on AWS Elastic Beanstalk, Amazon EC2, and also non-AWS hosted HTTP based services.

API Gateway allows for handling common API management tasks such as security, caching, throttling, and monitoring. While its primary objective is to provide that abstraction layer on top of your backend APIs and microservices, it can also allow backends to be simple web applications for web portal access or Amazon S3 buckets for providing access to static web content or documents.

Along with above capabilities, the following key features of API Gateway help to create the architecture described here.

  1. Custom Domain Names support:
    When an API is deployed using API Gateway, the default API endpoint domain name is not user friendly as can be seen here:https://api-id.execute-api.region.amazonaws.com/stageapi-id is generated by API Gateway; region is specified by you when creating the API; and stage is specified by you when deploying the API.The default API endpoint can be difficult to recall and not user-friendly. To provide a simpler and more intuitive URL for your API users, it allows you to specify a custom domain name such as customer1.example.com via its integration with AWS Certificate Manager, which allows for SSL certificate-based validation of the sub-domains. API Gateway allows you to map multiple sub-domains to a single API endpoint allowing you to white-label the domains based on an external customer’s requirement.
  2. API request /response transformation:
    API Gateway allows you to specify the integration of each path of the API endpoint separately. This allows you to route API requests for each path to a separate backend endpoint and at the same time apply any request/response transformations, such as customer header insertion or modification of existing headers to manage any custom handling of APIs.

Architecture and Its Benefits

In the architecture shown in the diagram below, the features explained in this blog are utilized.

This architecture is an example of a typical SaaS provider who wants to offer its services to other enterprises and needs to support white-labeling domains for this web and API infrastructure. This is achieved using the following steps:

    1. A single domain of example.com can be registered with a domain registrar and you can create subdomains by creating CNAME records for example customer1.example.com, customer2.example.com by updating DNS information with the domain registrar. This can be handled by AWS’s own DNS and Registrar service Amazon Route 53 or can be any third party domain name provider.
    2. Once complete, AWS provides AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) to create a certificate for the following domains: example.com and *.example.com. This makes sure that the ACM certificate once applied to the API Gateway can allow for multiple subdomains to be served by it.
    3. Using the certificate created in ACM, you can create custom domain for the API endpoint. In this example this API endpoint will serve two subdomains for two different external customers and specifying base path mappings as needed. The following two subdomains are created as custom domains using this capability: customer1.example.com and customer2.example.com.
      Note: Make sure to add CNAME records for customer1 and customer2 at your DNS provider to point to the target domain name created within your API Gateway for each of the two customer sub-domains.
    4. The API Endpoint is then configured with the following API resources:
      1. HTTP integration of /service1 to route traffic to the ELB endpoint of microservice hosted on an ECS cluster
      2. HTTP integration of /service2 to route traffic to the ELB endpoint of web application hosted on an EC2 cluster
      3. HTTP integration of /service1 to route traffic to the ELB endpoint of microservice hosted on an ECS cluster
    5. API Gateway allows you to capture the FQDN of the URL and map it to Custom Headers or Query String Parameters which are then sent to the backend service integrated with the corresponding API resource and the HTTP method. For example we can create a custom header called “Customer” to forward customer1 or customer2 to the backend application for customer-specific business logic. This is done using the Method Request parameters and Integration Request configuration within API Gateway.


    As you can see, this is one of the approaches to use an API Gateway as a single entry-point for API-based microservices and web application assets. This allows you to use infrastructure more cost effectively without losing the advantages of scaling when demand to your applications grow. You can read more about working with API Gateway and Route 53 DNS in AWS Documentation and use these capabilities to create architectures to suit your specific requirements.

AWS Resources Addressing Argentina’s Personal Data Protection Law and Disposition No. 11/2006

Post Syndicated from Leandro Bennaton original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/aws-and-resources-addressing-argentinas-personal-data-protection-law-and-disposition-no-112006/

We have two new resources to help customers address their data protection requirements in Argentina. These resources specifically address the needs outlined under the Personal Data Protection Law No. 25.326, as supplemented by Regulatory Decree No. 1558/2001 (“PDPL”), including Disposition No. 11/2006. For context, the PDPL is an Argentine federal law that applies to the protection of personal data, including during transfer and processing.

A new webpage focused on data privacy in Argentina features FAQs, helpful links, and whitepapers that provide an overview of PDPL considerations, as well as our security assurance frameworks and international certifications, including ISO 27001, ISO 27017, and ISO 27018. You’ll also find details about our Information Request Report and the high bar of security at AWS data centers.

Additionally, we’ve released a new workbook that offers a detailed mapping as to how customers can operate securely under the Shared Responsibility Model while also aligning with Disposition No. 11/2006. The AWS Disposition 11/2006 Workbook can be downloaded from the Argentina Data Privacy page or directly from this link. Both resources are also available in Spanish from the Privacidad de los datos en Argentina page.

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AWS GDPR Data Processing Addendum – Now Part of Service Terms

Post Syndicated from Chad Woolf original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/aws-gdpr-data-processing-addendum/

Today, we’re happy to announce that the AWS GDPR Data Processing Addendum (GDPR DPA) is now part of our online Service Terms. This means all AWS customers globally can rely on the terms of the AWS GDPR DPA which will apply automatically from May 25, 2018, whenever they use AWS services to process personal data under the GDPR. The AWS GDPR DPA also includes EU Model Clauses, which were approved by the European Union (EU) data protection authorities, known as the Article 29 Working Party. This means that AWS customers wishing to transfer personal data from the European Economic Area (EEA) to other countries can do so with the knowledge that their personal data on AWS will be given the same high level of protection it receives in the EEA.

As we approach the GDPR enforcement date this week, this announcement is an important GDPR compliance component for us, our customers, and our partners. All customers which that are using cloud services to process personal data will need to have a data processing agreement in place between them and their cloud services provider if they are to comply with GDPR. As early as April 2017, AWS announced that AWS had a GDPR-ready DPA available for its customers. In this way, we started offering our GDPR DPA to customers over a year before the May 25, 2018 enforcement date. Now, with the DPA terms included in our online service terms, there is no extra engagement needed by our customers and partners to be compliant with the GDPR requirement for data processing terms.

The AWS GDPR DPA also provides our customers with a number of other important assurances, such as the following:

  • AWS will process customer data only in accordance with customer instructions.
  • AWS has implemented and will maintain robust technical and organizational measures for the AWS network.
  • AWS will notify its customers of a security incident without undue delay after becoming aware of the security incident.
  • AWS will make available certificates issued in relation to the ISO 27001 certification, the ISO 27017 certification, and the ISO 27018 certification to further help customers and partners in their own GDPR compliance activities.

Customers who have already signed an offline version of the AWS GDPR DPA can continue to rely on that GDPR DPA. By incorporating our GDPR DPA into the AWS Service Terms, we are simply extending the terms of our GDPR DPA to all customers globally who will require it under GDPR.

AWS GDPR DPA is only part of the story, however. We are continuing to work alongside our customers and partners to help them on their journey towards GDPR compliance.

If you have any questions about the GDPR or the AWS GDPR DPA, please contact your account representative, or visit the AWS GDPR Center at: https://aws.amazon.com/compliance/gdpr-center/


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Announcing the new AWS Certified Security – Specialty exam

Post Syndicated from Ozlem Yilmaz original https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/announcing-the-new-aws-certified-security-specialty-exam/

Good news for cloud security experts: the AWS Certified Security — Specialty exam is here. This new exam allows experienced cloud security professionals to demonstrate and validate their knowledge of how to secure the AWS platform.

About the exam

The security exam covers incident response, logging and monitoring, infrastructure security, identity and access management, and data protection. The exam is open to anyone who currently holds a Cloud Practitioner or Associate-level certification. We recommend candidates have five years of IT security experience designing and implementing security solutions, and at least two years of hands-on experience securing AWS workloads.

The exam validates your understanding of:

  • Specialized data classifications and AWS data protection mechanisms
  • Data encryption methods and AWS mechanisms to implement them
  • Secure Internet protocols and AWS mechanisms to implement them
  • AWS security services and features of services to provide a secure production environment
  • Making tradeoff decisions with regard to cost, security, and deployment complexity given a set of application requirements
  • Security operations and risk

How to prepare

We have training and other resources to help you prepare for the exam.

AWS Training that includes:

Additional Resources

Learn more and register here, and please contact us if you have questions about exam registration.

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